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November 30, 2005

Indonesia says bird flu killed woman - Reuters



ITN
Indonesia says bird flu killed woman
Reuters - 34 minutes ago
... "We have conducted the test and the results show positive," Mamahit told Reuters, adding that the presence of the deadly H5N1 virus had to be confirmed by a ...
WRAPUP 1-Indonesia says woman dies of bird flu Reuters AlertNet
Indonesia May Report Ninth Avian-Flu Fatality, Officials Say Bloomberg
Indonesia reports bird flu death BBC News
Sydney Morning Herald (subscription) - Xinhua - all 111 related

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Their eye is on the sparrow

Via CIDRAP, the abstract of an article in the Journal of Virology: four H5N1 viruses have been found in tree sparrows in China. All four were highly pathogenic to chickens, but not to ducks or mice.

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Vietnam doesn't plan total cull

VietNam News reports the national bird flu prevention plan of the ministry of agriculture and rural development.

Hoang Kim Giao, deputy head of MARD's Animal Husbandry Department, said that culling of all poultry would not ensure safety since wild birds could carry the avian flu virus.

It could, on the other hand, pollute the environment and water resources, and put a massive financial burden on the Government in way of compensating farmers, he added.

For preventing another outbreak, the ministry has decided to destroy all poultry raised in infected areas, cordon off such areas and spray disinfectants on poultry farms.


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Americans And Europeans Migrating To Canada For Tamiflu Roche Sales Skyrocket1.3 PRNN e-Commerce (PR NEWS NOW)

( mp3 players ) This week the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) reported a 10-fold increase in Tamiflu orders from Canadian Pharmacies in the past month Tamiflu is the only drug known to treat the deadly H5N1 Avian Flu virusWorldwide orders for Tamiflu are coming ...

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L'aviaria fa una nuova vittima in IndonesiaCorriere.it - Esteri

L'aviaria fa una nuova vittima in Indonesia
Manca ancora la conferma dell'Oms ma i test eseguiti dall'ospedale di Giakarta indicano il virus H5N1 come responsabile del decesso

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Kina: Još dva žarišta ptičjeg gripaB92 Vesti

Vlasti Kine su saopštile da su otkrivena još dva žarišta ptičjeg gripa, u provincijama Sinđang i Hunan.

Sinđang je na severozapadu, a Hunan na jugu zemlje. U Sinđangu je u poslednjih nedelju dana uginulo 288 kokošaka, od virusa H5N1 ptičjeg gripa, a od 18. novembra u Hunanu više od 400 kokošaka.

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Thailand To Soon Become Bird Flu Free Zone

... BANGKOK, Nov 30 Asia Pulse - The Thai government will soon declare Thailand as a bird flu free zone with no more poultry in the kingdom infected with the H5N1 avian flu virus. The Ministry... to Government Spokesman Surapong Suebwonglee. "After November 29, if there is no more H5N1 virus found ...

Events in Thailand Technorati this

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新疆で新たな鳥インフルエンザ 中国

... 中国農業省は30日、新疆ウイグル自治区の新源県で新たに高病原性鳥インフルエンザ(H5N1型)の家禽(かきん)への感染を確認したと発表した。 農業省によると、新源県で11月24日に家禽300羽が死んでいるのが見つかり、30日に感染が確認された。地元衛生当局は周囲3キロ以内の家禽約11万8000羽を処分した。新疆ウイグル自治区では同月28日にも鳥インフルエンザの感染が確認された。中国で感染が確認された地域は7省4自治区に上っている。(共同) http://www.sankei.co.jp/news/051130/kok101.htm IMG IMG ...

日中韓友好(夢幻)  Technorati this

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Interim Guidance for Airline Flight Crews and Persons Meeting Passengers Arriving from Areas with Avian Influenza (Updated)

. Since December 2003, outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenzamostly influenza A (H5N1)among chickens and ducks have been reported in several countries in Asia. During 2005, outbreaks of H5N1..., Kazakhstan, Turkey and Romania. Mongolia and Croatia have reported outbreaks of H5N1 in wild, migratory birds . Outbreaks of H5N1 among poultry were also reported in Malaysia and Laos during 2004. For additional information about H5N1 and other avian influenza outbreaks among animals, visit the World

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Onion's Lack of Seriousness Deplored by NIAID Director Anthony Fauci

Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Health's National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) since 1984, stated today (Wed Nov 23) that in his opinion "the continuing ridicule and satire by the weekly paper, The Onion, of the strenuous efforts of our institution to raise the alarm regarding the greatest threat to US national security and world order in history, H5N1 bird flu, is now beyond a joke." Asked by New AIDS Review what he objected to most, Fauci

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H5N1: Spreading Within A Family?

While they know there is no widespread outbreak, this very well could be a human to human transmission. Exactly what we don t want at this stage of the game. A 16-year-old boy confirmed as Indonesia s 12th human case of bird flu had two brothers who died from similar symptoms days before he was taken to hospital, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Tuesday. The brothers died on November 11 after being diagnosed with typhoid fever, but they were never tested for the deadly H5N1

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gazet van antwerpen

China heeft dinsdag twee nieuwe uitbraken van vogelpest gemeld: ??n in Shanshan in de westelijke regio Xinjiang en de ander in Yongzhou in de centrale provincie Hunan. In beide gebieden waren vogels besmet met de ook voor mensen gevaarlijke vogelgriepvariant H5N1. Om verdere verspreiding te voorkomen zijn in een gebied met een straal van drie kilometer om de beide ziektehaarden 65.000 vogels afgemaakt. printversie Een abonnement op 'Gazet van Antwerpen' is altijd een cadeau. U kan

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radio australia - news - indonesia suspects an eighth death from bird flu

Indonesian government officials prepare containers of disinfectant to spray areas affected by bird flu. [Reuters] A 25-year-old Indonesian woman suspected of suffering from bird flu has died in a Jakarta hospital. A hospital spokesman says Sri Wahyuni returned positive results to initial tests, carried out by the Indonesian Health Ministry, for the deadly H5N1 strain of the virus. Further tests are being conducted at the World Health Organisation laboratory in Hong Kong to confirm whether

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indonesian woman dies of bird flu -health official - boston.com

, adding that results testing for the presence of the H5N1 flu virus have to be confirmed by laboratory... confirmed to have contracted the virus but have survived. The highly pathogenic H5N1 strain... H5N1 could mutate into a form that passes easily among people, just like human influenza. If it does

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The Becker-Posner Blog: Economics, Politics, and Psychology: The Case of Avian Flu--Posner

 
The Becker-Posner Blog: Economics, Politics, and Psychology: The Case of Avian Flu--Posner (info)
http://www.becker-posner-blog.com/archives/2005/11/economics_polit.html
Posted by Declan to AvianFlu economics on Wed Nov 30 2005 at 12:35 UTC

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November 29, 2005

General Knowledge on Avian Influenza ( Bird Flu)

What is avian influenza?

Avian influenza, or “bird flu”, is a contagious disease of animals caused by viruses that normally infect only birds and, less commonly, pigs. Avian influenza viruses are highly species-specific, but have, on rare occasions, crossed the species barrier to infect humans.

In domestic poultry, infection with avian influenza viruses causes two main forms of disease, distinguished by low and high extremes of virulence. The so-called “low pathogenic” form commonly causes only mild symptoms (ruffled feathers, a drop in egg production) and may easily go undetected. The highly pathogenic form is far more dramatic. It spreads very rapidly through poultry flocks, causes disease affecting multiple internal organs, and has a mortality that can approach 100%, often within 48 hours.

Which viruses cause highly pathogenic disease?

Influenza A viruses1 have 16 H subtypes and 9 N subtypes2. Only viruses of the H5 and H7 subtypes are known to cause the highly pathogenic form of the disease. However, not all viruses of the H5 and H7 subtypes are highly pathogenic and not all will cause severe disease in poultry.

On present understanding, H5 and H7 viruses are introduced to poultry flocks in their low pathogenic form. When allowed to circulate in poultry populations, the viruses can mutate, usually within a few months, into the highly pathogenic form. This is why the presence of an H5 or H7 virus in poultry is always cause for concern, even when the initial signs of infection are mild.

Do migratory birds spread highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses?

The role of migratory birds in the spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza is not fully understood. Wild waterfowl are considered the natural reservoir of all influenza A viruses. They have probably carried influenza viruses, with no apparent harm, for centuries. They are known to carry viruses of the H5 and H7 subtypes, but usually in the low pathogenic form. Considerable circumstantial evidence suggests that migratory birds can introduce low pathogenic H5 and H7 viruses to poultry flocks, which then mutate to the highly pathogenic form.

In the past, highly pathogenic viruses have been isolated from migratory birds on very rare occasions involving a few birds, usually found dead within the flight range of a poultry outbreak. This finding long suggested that wild waterfowl are not agents for the onward transmission of these viruses.

Recent events make it likely that some migratory birds are now directly spreading the H5N1 virus in its highly pathogenic form. Further spread to new areas is expected.

What is special about the current outbreaks in poultry?

The current outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza, which began in South-east Asia in mid-2003, are the largest and most severe on record. Never before in the history of this disease have so many countries been simultaneously affected, resulting in the loss of so many birds.

The causative agent, the H5N1 virus, has proved to be especially tenacious. Despite the death or destruction of an estimated 150 million birds, the virus is now considered endemic in many parts of Indonesia and Viet Nam and in some parts of Cambodia, China, Thailand, and possibly also the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Control of the disease in poultry is expected to take several years.

tyle="font-size:8.5pt;color:black;font-family:Verdana">The H5N1 virus is also of particular concern for human health, as explained below.

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Which countries have been affected by outbreaks in poultry?

From mid-December 2003 through early February 2004, poultry outbreaks caused by the H5N1 virus were reported in eight Asian nations (listed in order of reporting): the Republic of Korea, Viet Nam, Japan, Thailand, Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Indonesia, and China. Most of these countries had never before experienced an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza in their histories.

In early August 2004, Malaysia reported its first outbreak of H5N1 in poultry, becoming the ninth Asian nation affected. Russia reported its first H5N1 outbreak in poultry in late July 2005, followed by reports of disease in adjacent parts of Kazakhstan in early August. Deaths of wild birds from highly pathogenic H5N1 were reported in both countries. Almost simultaneously, Mongolia reported the detection of H5N1 in dead migratory birds. In October 2005, H5N1 was confirmed in poultry in Turkey and Romania. Outbreaks in wild and domestic birds are under investigation elsewhere.

Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Malaysia have announced control of their poultry outbreaks and are now considered free of the disease. In the other affected areas, outbreaks are continuing with varying degrees of severity.

What are the implications for human health?

The widespread persistence of H5N1 in poultry populations poses two main risks for human health.

The first is the risk of direct infection when the virus passes from poultry to humans, resulting in very severe disease. Of the few avian influenza viruses that have crossed the species barrier to infect humans, H5N1 has caused the largest number of cases of severe disease and death in humans. Unlike normal seasonal influenza, where infection causes only mild respiratory symptoms in most people, the disease caused by H5N1 follows an unusually aggressive clinical course, with rapid deterioration and high fatality. Primary viral pneumonia and multi-organ failure are common. In the present outbreak, more than half of those infected with the virus have died. Most cases have occurred in previously healthy children and young adults.

A second risk, of even greater concern, is that the virus – if given enough opportunities – will change into a form that is highly infectious for humans and spreads easily from person to person. Such a change could mark the start of a global outbreak (a pandemic).

Where have human cases occurred?

In the current outbreak, laboratory-confirmed human cases have been reported in four countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam.Hong Kong has experienced two outbreaks in the past. In 1997, in the first recorded instance of human infection with H5N1, the virus infected 18 people and killed 6 of them. In early 2003, the virus caused two infections, with one death, in a Hong Kong family with a recent travel history to southern China.

here>How do people become infected?

Direct contact with infected poultry, or surfaces and objects contaminated by their faeces, is presently considered the main route of human infection. To date, most human cases have occurred in rural or periurban areas where many households keep small poultry flocks, which often roam freely, sometimes entering homes or sharing outdoor areas where children play. As infected birds shed large quantities of virus in their faeces, opportunities for exposure to infected droppings or to environments contaminated by the virus are abundant under such conditions. Moreover, because many households in Asia depend on poultry for income and food, many families sell or slaughter and consume birds when signs of illness appear in a flock, and this practice has proved difficult to change. Exposure is considered most likely during slaughter, defeathering, butchering, and preparation of poultry for cooking.

Is it safe to eat poultry and poultry products?

Yes, though certain precautions should be followed in countries currently experiencing outbreaks. In areas free of the disease, poultry and poultry products can be prepared and consumed as usual (following good hygienic practices and proper cooking), with no fear of acquiring infection with the H5N1 virus.

In areas experiencing outbreaks, poultry and poultry products can also be safely consumed provided these items are properly cooked and properly handled during food preparation. The H5N1 virus is sensitive to heat. Normal temperatures used for cooking (70oC in all parts of the food) will kill the virus. Consumers need to be sure that all parts of the poultry are fully cooked (no “pink” parts) and that eggs, too, are properly cooked (no “runny” yolks).

Consumers should also be aware of the risk of cross-contamination. Juices from raw poultry and poultry products should never be allowed, during food preparation, to touch or mix with items eaten raw. When handling raw poultry or raw poultry products, persons involved in food preparation should wash their hands thoroughly and clean and disinfect surfaces in contact with the poultry products Soap and hot water are sufficient for this purpose.

In areas experiencing outbreaks in poultry, raw eggs should not be used in foods that will not be further heat-treated as, for example by cooking or baking.

Avian influenza is not transmitted through cooked food. To date, no evidence indicates that anyone has become infected following the consumption of properly cooked poultry or poultry products, even when these foods were contaminated with the H5N1 virus.

Does the virus spread easily from birds to humans?

No. Though more than 100 human cases have occurred in the current outbreak, this is a small number compared with the huge number of birds affected and the numerous associated opportunities for human exposure,

ont-size:8.5pt;color:black;font-family:Verdana">especially in areas where backyard flocks are common. It is not presently understood why some people, and not others, become infected following similar exposures.

text-align:left" align=left>What about the pandemic risk?

A pandemic can start when three conditions have been met: a new influenza virus subtype emerges; it infects humans, causing serious illness; and it spreads easily and sustainably among humans. The H5N1 virus amply meets the first two conditions: it is a new virus for humans (H5N1 viruses have never circulated widely among people), and it has infected more than 100 humans, killing over half of them. No one will have immunity should an H5N1-like pandemic virus emerge.

All prerequisites for the start of a pandemic have therefore been met save one: the establishment of efficient and sustained human-to-human transmission of the virus. The risk that the H5N1 virus will acquire this ability will persist as long as opportunities for human infections occur. These opportunities, in turn, will persist as long as the virus continues to circulate in birds, and this situation could endure for some years to come.

What changes are needed for H5N1 to become a pandemic virus?

The virus can improve its transmissibility among humans via two principal mechanisms. The first is a “reassortment” event, in which genetic material is exchanged between human and avian viruses during co-infection of a human or pig. Reassortment could result in a fully transmissible pandemic virus, announced by a sudden surge of cases with explosive spread.

The second mechanism is a more gradual process of adaptive mutation, whereby the capability of the virus to bind to human cells increases during subsequent infections of humans. Adaptive mutation, expressed initially as small clusters of human cases with some evidence of human-to-human transmission, would probably give the world some time to take defensive action.

What is the significance of limited human-to-human transmission?

Though rare, instances of limited human-to-human transmission of H5N1 and other avian influenza viruses have occurred in association with outbreaks in poultry and should not be a cause for alarm. In no instance has the virus spread beyond a first generation of close contacts or caused illness in the general community. Data from these incidents suggest that transmission requires very close contact with an ill person. Such incidents must be thoroughly investigated but – provided the investigation indicates that transmission from person to person is very limited – such incidents will not change the WHO overall assessment of the pandemic risk. There have been a number of instances of avian influenza infection occurring among close family members. It is often impossible to determine if human-to-human transmission has occurred since the family members are exposed to the same animal and environmental sources as well as to one another.

ng=EN-US style="font-size:8.5pt;color:black;font-family:Verdana">How serious is the current pandemic risk?

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The risk of pandemic influenza is serious. With the H5N1 virus now firmly entrenched in large parts of Asia, the risk that more human cases will occur will persist. Each additional human case gives the virus an opportunity to improve its transmissibility in humans, and thus develop into a pandemic strain. The recent spread of the virus to

tyle="font-size:8.5pt;color:black;font-family:Verdana">poultry and wild birds in new areas further broadens opportunities for human cases to occur. While neither the timing nor the severity of the next pandemic can be predicted, the probability that a pandemic will occur has increased.

Are there any other causes for concern?

Yes. Several.

• Domestic ducks can now excrete large quantities of highly pathogenic virus without showing signs of illness, and are now acting as a “silent” reservoir of the virus, perpetuating transmission to other birds. This adds yet another layer of complexity to control efforts and removes the warning signal for humans to avoid risky behaviours.

• When compared with H5N1 viruses from 1997 and early 2004, H5N1 viruses now circulating are more lethal to experimentally infected mice and to ferrets (a mammalian model) and survive longer in the environment.

H5N1 appears to have expanded its host range, infecting and killing mammalian species previously considered resistant to infection with avian influenza viruses.

• The behaviour of the virus in its natural reservoir, wild waterfowl, may be changing. The spring 2005 die-off of upwards of 6,000 migratory birds at a nature reserve in central China, caused by highly pathogenic H5N1, was highly unusual and probably unprecedented. In the past, only two large die-offs in migratory birds, caused by highly pathogenic viruses, are known to have occurred: in South Africa in 1961 (H5N3) and in Hong Kong in the winter of 2002–2003 (H5N1).

Why are pandemics such dreaded events?

Influenza pandemics are remarkable events that can rapidly infect virtually all countries. Once international spread begins, pandemics are considered unstoppable, caused as they are by a virus that spreads very rapidly by coughing or sneezing. The fact that infected people can shed virus before symptoms appear adds to the risk of international spread via asymptomatic air travellers.

The severity of disease and the number of deaths caused by a pandemic virus vary greatly, and cannot be known prior to the emergence of the virus. During past pandemics, attack rates reached 25-35% of the total population. Under the best circumstances, assuming that the new virus causes mild disease, the world could still experience an estimated 2 million to 7.4 million deaths (projected from data obtained during the 1957 pandemic). Projections for a more virulent virus are much higher. The 1918 pandemic, which was exceptional, killed at least 40 million people. In the USA, the mortality rate during that pandemic was around 2.5%.

Pandemics can cause large surges in the numbers of people requiring or seeking medical or hospital treatment, temporarily overwhelming health services. High rates of worker absenteeism can also interrupt other essential services, such as law enforcement, transportation, and communications. Because populations will be fully susceptible to an H5N1-like virus, rates of illness could peak fairly rapidly within a given community. This means that local social and economic disruptions may be temporary. They may, however, be amplified in today’s closely interrelated and interdependent systems of trade and commerce. Based on past experience, a second wave of global spread should be anticipated within a year.

tyle="font-size:8.5pt;color:black;font-family:Verdana">As all countries are likely to experience emergency conditions during a pandemic, opportunities for inter-country assistance, as seen during natural disasters or localized disease outbreaks, may be curtailed once international spread has begun and governments focus on protecting domestic populations.

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From Travel during Working, Living in Travelling (feed)
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Avian Flu Over the Cuckoos Nest

If the H5N1 virus has existed for three or four years, as scientists claim, ... The H5N1 strain of bird flu seen in human cases in China has mutated as ... Chinese labs have found that the genetic order of the H5N1 virus seen in humans ...

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Many H5N1 cases bunched in families, report says - CIDRAP


Many H5N1 cases bunched in families, report says
CIDRAP, MN - 18 hours ago
Nov 28, 2005 (CIDRAP News) – More than a third of the human cases of H5N1 avian influenza that occurred over a 19-month period were clustered within families ...

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Briefing: Study eases one bird flu worryNews: Nation/World -- TwinCities.com

WASHINGTON — Vaccines can keep chickens from dying of bird flu, but can immunized birds still silently spread infection? It's an important question, as China and Vietnam vaccinate millions of chickens in an effort to stamp out a worrisome strain of bird flu called H5N1. Scientists in the Netherlands put the question to a test — using vaccines against a different strain — and concluded that vaccinating poultry can block viral spread between birds. "Vaccination...

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Stand on Guard for thee: ethical considerations in preparedness planning for pandemic influenzaConnotea: Bookmarks matching tag AvianFlu

 
Stand on Guard for thee: ethical considerations in preparedness planning for pandemic influenza (info)
http://www.utoronto.ca/jcb/home/documents/pandemic.pdf
A report of the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics Pandemic Influenza Working Group

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PLoS Medicine: A Systematic Analytic Approach to Pandemic Influenza Preparedness PlanningConnotea: Bookmarks matching tag AvianFlu

 
PLoS Medicine: A Systematic Analytic Approach to Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Planning (info)
http://medicine.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371 /journal.pmed.0020359
The urgent need for comprehensive pandemic influenza planning is profound: an influenza pandemic starting today may have major international consequences, including global economic and political destabilization, an overwhelming of health care resources, and panic [21]. Current international plans [18,22], while useful, could benefit from enhanced detail [21] and organization; moreover, pandemic influenza plans have usually been national in scope and, in most countries, are only in a draft form and lack legal status [23]. Comprehensive public health emergency preparedness and response efforts require effective pre-event (preventive), event (mitigation), and post-event (consequence management) strategies. By identifying the factors that may modify the outcome in each of these phases, one can prescribe the appropriate measures necessary to tackle each factor.

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H5N1 from WiKi

甲型流感毒H5N1亞型(influenza A virus subtype H5N1,也稱H5N1毒H5N1禽流感)是甲型流感毒的一個高性亞型,具有血凝素(hemagglutinin)第5型,神經氨酸酶(neuraminidase)第1型。H5N1毒於1961年首次在(tern)中發現,主要感染類並導致禽流感H5N1毒在鳥群中的傳染性很強,發突然、嚴重、死亡快速,死亡率可高達100%。1997年香港首次報告了H5N1毒感染類的例。截至2005年10月24,全世界已向世界衛生組織報告121例人感染例,其中62例死亡,死亡率超過50%;這些報告例都發生在泰國印度尼西亞柬埔寨四個東亞國家。

H5N1毒在人類的感染

傳播及

H5N1毒從直接傳到的首次例是於1997年香港發現。迄今(2005年10月24),絕大多數的人類感染例都直接來自鳥,只有個別的例被認為是來自被感染的人,不過H5N1毒尚未能在人與人之間建立持續的傳播鏈。

傳播途徑主要有下兩種:

  1. 通過生禽或其污染物直接傳到人
  2. 通過中間宿主(如:)傳到人

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在全球的擴散

甲型流感H5N1亞型在人類感染確診例統計(資料來源:世界衛生組織
國家或地區 發期
2003年12月26
2004年3月10
2004年7月19
2004年10月8
2004年12月16
迄今
合計
柬埔寨 0 0 4 4
死亡 0 0 4 4
印度尼西亞 0 0 7 7
死亡 0 0 4 4
泰國 12 5 2 19
死亡 8 4 1 13
23 4 64 91
死亡 16 4 21 41
總計 35 9 77 121
死亡 24 8 30 62
死亡率:51.2%

1997年香港爆發H5N1禽流感時,亦首次報告了H5N1感染類的例,共有18人感染,6人死亡。

2003年,一個香港家庭的兩名成員到中國大陸行返回後,發現感染H5N1毒,其中一人康復,另一人死亡。他們在何地並如何感染到H5N1毒沒有被確定。該家庭的另一名成員在中國大陸因呼吸道疾死亡,沒有檢測是否曾感染H5N1毒。

2003年12月,H5N1毒感染人的例在泰國被報告。截至2005年10月24,全世界已向世界衛生組織報告121例人感染例,其中62例死亡,死亡率超過50%;這些報告例都發生在泰國印度尼西亞柬埔寨四個東亞國家。

疫情

世界卫生组织公布的资料显示,从2003年12月底至2005年10月20,已经有118人感染禽流感,其中61人死亡。

  • 希腊:2005年10月17宣布,该国卫生防疫专家在对9例火鸡血样进行初检,发现其中1例禽流感毒体呈阳性,禽流感登陆欧盟。
  • 俄斯:政府2005年10月19宣布在位于莫斯科以约200公里的图拉地区的延多伏卡村发现了致命的H5N1型禽流感毒的基因片断,220只家禽在10月14神秘死亡。
  • 克地亚:农业部2005年10月21发表声明证实,专家当天对6只死亡的天鹅进行了化验分析,并发现它们身上携带有H5N1型禽流感毒。欧盟禁止从克地亚进口家禽。
  • 英国:环境、食品和农村事务部2005年10月21证实,一只在隔离检疫过程中死亡的美洲鹦鹉经检测被证实感染了H5N1型禽流感毒。面对逐步逼近的禽流感形势,欧洲国家出现抢购和囤积流感药品风潮。能有效治流感的专利药物“达菲”的制造商瑞士氏制药公司同决定限量供应这种药物,以首先满足流感人的需求。
  • 瑞典:农业部2005年10月23发表声明说,一只死鸭身上检验出一种轻微的H5型禽流感毒,不是高治性H5N1禽流感毒。
  • 中国大陆:2005年10月24,国家禽流感参考实验室确诊,安徽省天长市一个村发生一起感染H5N1亚型禽流感疫情,500多禽隻死亡。10月25,中国大陆国家农业部的通知表示,湖省湘潭县射埠镇湾塘村出现确诊H5N1禽流感个案,共有687隻鸡、鸭发,当中545隻死亡。当局销毁的禽鸟共有2,487隻。11月3,国家禽流感参考实验室确诊,辽宁省黑山县八道壕镇冮台村养殖户饲养的鸡出现死亡的疫情为H5N1亚型高致性禽流感。11月9,中国国家禽流感参考实验室确诊,辽宁省阜新市阜新蒙古自治县大阪镇朝阳寺村,以及锦州市站新区大岭村养殖户饲养的鸡出现的疫情为H5N1亚型高致性禽流感。11月10,国家禽流感参考实验室确诊,辽宁省锦州市宁市养殖户饲养的鸡出现死亡的疫情为H5N1亚型高致性禽流感。11月11,国家禽流感参考实验室确诊,湖省京山县养殖户饲养的家禽出现死亡的疫情为H5N1亚型高致性禽流感。11月14,国家禽流感参考实验室确诊,安徽省淮市田家庵区曹庵镇范圩村养殖户饲养的800只家禽出现死亡的疫情为H5N1亚型高致性禽流感。11月16中国卫生部通报证实,安徽各一确诊H5N1禽流感个案,以及一例怀疑个案,三人之中两人已死亡。确诊患者一是9岁的贺姓男孩,湖省湘潭市湘潭县人,愈。确诊患者二是24岁的周姓女子,她是安徽省安庆市枞阳县农民,死亡。怀疑个案是12岁的贺某女孩,系贺姓男孩的姐姐,死亡。[1]同,经中国国家禽流感参考实验室确诊,湖省孝感市新疆维吾尔自治区和田市及乌鲁木齐市天山区发生了H5N1禽流感疫情。[2]11月17,国家禽流感参考实验室确诊,山西省孝义市的疫情为H5N1亚型禽流感。[3]11月22,国家禽流感参考实验室确诊,新疆乌鲁木齐市达坂城区宁夏银川市兴庆区,以及云省楚雄市的疫情为H5N1亚型禽流感。[4]同,安徽省休宁县发生一例人感染H5N1禽流感死亡例,死者为一名姓许的女性农民。[5]11月24,国家禽流感参考实验室确诊新疆吐鲁番市的疫情为H5N1亚型禽流感。[6]
  • 科威特:2005年11月11,官员证实在海滩对一只迁徙的野生火烈鸟进行的化验发现了H5N1毒。
  • 印尼:政府2005年11月14證實,一名16歲少年感染H5N1,另兩少女死於疑似狀。[7]農業部11月24証實,在亞齊省的3個地區已經有好幾百隻雞,確定因為感染禽流感H5N1毒死亡。[8]

參見

80.A3.E7.B5.90>

外部連結

http://c.spaces.msn.com/CollectionWebService/c.gif?space=wys2005&page=RSS%3a+H5N1+from+WiKi&referrer=" width=1 height=1 border=0 alt="">

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November 28, 2005

Carbon Dioxide Level Highest in 650,000 Years

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Solar energy costs differ (San Jose Mercury News)

... renewable energy, according to a new study. Solar Power for North Bay Homeless Shelter... & Geothermal Energy (SPG) installed a 22 kW solar system on the roof of Petaluma's Mary Isaak... renewable energy. Interested in solar power? How much you'll pay in city fees to put solar panels ...

Solar Panel News Technorati this

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The Origins of Pandemic Influenza -- Lessons from the 1918 Virus

 
The Origins of Pandemic Influenza -- Lessons from the 1918 Virus (info)
Robert Belshe
The New England Journal of Medicine 353 (21), 2209-11 (24 Nov 2005)
The completion of the genetic sequencing of the 1918 influenza A virus by Taubenberger et al.1 and the subsequent recovery of the virus by Tumpey et al.2 using reverse genetic techniques are spectacular achievements of contemporary molecular biology and provide important insights into the origin of pandemic influenza. [snip] On the basis of the rates of replacement of amino acids, Taubenberger et al. estimated that avian influenza polymerase genes had been circulating in humans as early as 1900

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Vietnamese toddler has H5N1

I don't find the story yet on my usual Vietnamese sources, but Xinhua has it: Vietnamese boy infected with bird flu.

A three-year-old boy from Vietnam's southern Tien Giang province has been contracted with bird flu, local newspaper Youth reported Monday.

Initial test showed that the boy from Cai Lay district has been infected with the disease, the paper said, adding he is now in need of respiratory assistance.

The boy was admitted to a hospital in Ho Chi Minh City on Nov. 26, after having fever, cough and respiratory illness.

Vietnam's Health Ministry on Sunday announced that the country has detected 66 human cases of H5N1 infections, including 22 fatalities, in 25 cities and provinces since December 2004, bringing the total infection cases and death tolls since December 2003 to 93 and 42 respectively.

consolation that Vietnam's H5N1 mortality rate has fallen to a mere 45 percent.

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Indonesia awaits WHO test results on possible 13th bird flu patient

Thanks to the reader who sent the link to a story on Yahoo! News about a possible 13th bird flu patient in Indonesia.

The story has a sting at the end:

Should the WHO tests come back positive, the 25-year-old woman would be the country's 13th confirmed bird flu case.

The latest confirmed case was that of a 16-year-old boy admitted to a state hospital in West Java's provincial capital Bandung on November 15.

Local radio reported that health officials on Sunday took blood and mucus samples from 24 of the boy's relatives and neighbours.

Two of his brothers, showing symptoms associated with bird flu, died of as yet undetermined causes a few weeks before he was taken to hospital, the report said.

b>
This story from AsiaNewsNet offers more details on the 16-year-old, but doesn't mention his brothers.

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Indonesia: 12th and 13th cases

First we get a story from The Jakarta Post - Indonesia confirms 12th human case of bird flu.

A 16-year-old Indonesian boy has tested positive for the H5N1 avian flu virus, making him the 12th confirmed case among humans in the country, a health official said on Saturday.

"We have received a laboratory test from Hong Kong and the results were positive," said Hariadi Wibisono, a senior official at the Health Ministry, adding the patient was being treated at a hospital in Bandung in West Java province.

time, we get another story from Asia News Network, saying that on Friday a 25-year-old woman has tested positive, making her the 13th WHO-confirmed H5N1 case in Indonesia.

It's getting harder to keep up.

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Ministry rebuts human infection cover-up allegation

The "300 deaths" story grows even more interesting. China Daily has published a story: Ministry rebuts human infection cover-up allegation. And the Chinese aren't just saying Masato Toshiro is wrong; they're saying he wasn't even there.

"The Ministry of Health has checked with the WHO and verified that there was not a single Japanese virologist among the specialists sent by the WHO to investigate the bird flu epidemic in Hunan," a ministry spokesman said.

The Japanese virologist's allegation that several hundred Chinese people died of bird flu was not based on facts, the ministry said in a statement made available to China Daily Friday night.

A WHO spokesperson said at a press conference in Geneva that China and the organization have co-operated well on bird flu, and China has not concealed any human infections, said the statement.

ve new questions: Was Masato Toshiro indeed in Hunan, and if so, was he there on behalf of WHO? If he wasn't, why would he—an established and respected virologist—make such claims?

And maybe it's just a quirk of translation, but the ministry of health seems to choose its words very carefully: The reports are "rumors," not "false," and a Japanese virologist may well have been in Hunan without being part of a WHO-sponsored group.

And who was the WHO spokesperson, and why didn't that spokesperson clearly state whether Masato Toshiro was or was not part of the Hunan team?

Update: The China blog EastSouthWestNorth has some interesting comment on this issue, with a link to an earlier post about Boxun News. The blogger is pretty skeptical about the whole story.

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Hanoi food prices surge in wake of poultry losses

The Viet Nam News Agency reports food prices surge in Hanoi because of bird flu. The city normally consumes over 50 tons a day of poultry meat. Now no one touches it, so prices for pork and beef have risen and the price of rabbit meat has doubled. The pinch will no doubt worsen as the lunar new year approaches, when Asian families traditionally spend a lot on special meals.

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More China rumors

A respected Japanese scientist, who works with the World Health Organization, has told New Scientist he fears that China’s official tally of laboratory-confirmed human bird flu fatalities – just three – is only the tip of the iceberg.

Masato Tashiro, head of virology at Tokyo’s National Institute of Infectious Disease – a WHO-collaborating centre for bird flu – showed a slide at a meeting of virologists in Marburg, Germany, on 19 November listing “several dozen” outbreaks in people, 300 deaths, 3000 people placed in isolation, and seven human-to-human transmissions. The meeting was reported in the German newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.

Tashiro has now told New Scientist that the figures were examples of the “unauthorised information” circulating in China, where he was recently helping investigate the outbreak in Hunan for the WHO.

Earlier reports suggested that Tashiro believed 300 to be the true death toll from bird flu in China. “I do not know whether the numbers were based on any evidence,” he says.

But the message is that “we do not know how many cases actually occurred in China”, due to poor disease surveillance. “If surveillance is done more extensively, more cases may be detected.” He says the international community should assist China with monitoring. He describes the situation as an "iceberg phenomenon" – with most cases unreported...

The potential problem of underreporting may not only be technical. There are also claims that Chinese medical personnel have been arrested for trying to report cases. China enforced severe restrictions on the investigation and reporting of suspected cases of bird flu in June 2005.

Here is the full storyEffect Measure offers useful commentary on the scientist's "retraction."

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Experts ponder N.Korea's statements on bird flu - Reuters AlertNet


Experts ponder N.Korea's statements on bird flu
Reuters AlertNet, UK - 5 hours ago
... state, experts said on Monday. North Korea had an outbreak of the H5N1 avian flu virus earlier this year. Initially it did not announce ...

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Romania sacks chief vets after birds burned alive - Reuters AlertNet



CTV.com
Romania sacks chief vets after birds burned alive
Reuters AlertNet, UK - 4 hours ago
... Samples have been sent to Britain to determine whether it is the highly pathogenic H5N1 strain which has killed more than 60 people in Asia since 2003. ...
Romania quarantines village and kills birds International Herald Tribune
Two Romanian officials fired over burning of live poultry TODAYonline
Romania culls fowl to halt bird flu spread Unison.ie (subscription)
Bucharest Daily News - Scotsman - all 82 related

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Hong Kong, Singapore stocking up for H5N1 testing - Reuters AlertNet


Hong Kong, Singapore stocking up for H5N1 testing
Reuters AlertNet, UK - 6 hours ago
HONG KONG, Nov 28 (Reuters) - Health authorities in wealthier parts of Asia are stocking up on diagnostic kits and chemicals to detect the deadly H5N1 bird flu ...

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China Confirms 2nd Bird Flu Deathimmun bird flu

China Confirms 2nd Bird Flu Death CBS News - Wednesday reported its second confirmed human death from bird flu, while tests showed a teacher who fell ill does not have the H5N1 bird flu virus. China’s Health Ministry said NZ urged to make our own flu vaccine The [...]

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Doctors examine the chest X-ray results of an infant suffering ...Health Photos - AFP on Yahoo! News Photos

photo(AFP/File) - Doctors examine the chest X-ray results of an infant suffering from bird flu. The H5N1 strain of bird flu seen in human cases in China has mutated as compared with strains found in human cases in Vietnam.(AFP/File/Hoang Dinh Nam)


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H5N1 hallado en humanos es una nueva mutaciónDeutsche Welle: DW-WORLD.DE Titulares

Médicos chinos dijeron hoy que el H5N1 hallado en organismos de tres pacientes es una mutación diferente a la de los virus hallados en humanos en la vecina Vietnam.

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Bird Flu Virus Mutating in Humans, According to Chinese Scientists

... Bird Flu Virus Mutating in Humans, According to Chinese Scientists The H5N1 strain of bird flu seen in human cases in China has mutated as compared with strains found in human cases in Vietnam. Continue reading "Bird Flu Virus Mutating in Humans, According to Chinese Scientists ...

UnsafeWorld.com - Emergency preparedness, survival tips, homeland security info and special reports to help you survive in toda Technorati this

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Govt warns against buying bird flu drugs on internet

... of a flu pandemic, which experts fear could be sparked by the bird flu virus H5N1 currently sweeping ...

eboss168全球華人創富網銷世紀 Technorati this

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Thailand, Philippines free to make Tamiflu - Roche

... . Indonesia, which has confirmed 12 cases of human infection with the H5N1 avian flu virus, said on Saturday ...

eboss168全球華人創富網銷世紀 Technorati this

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radio australia - news - indonesia confirms 12th human case of bird flu

Indonesian health officials say a16-year-old boy has tested positive for the H5N1 avian flu virus, making him the 12th confirmed case among humans in the country. The health ministry says samples sent to a laboratory in Hong Kong were positive. The patient is being treated at a hospital in Bandung in West Java province. Indonesia has had seven confirmed deaths from bird flu. Meanwhile, authorities in Vietnam's Ho Chi Minh City are poisoning pigeons and other wild birds to prevent avian

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emol.

NOTICIAS INTERNACIONAL Gripe aviar: Virus H5 detectado en pavo en Rumania S?bado 26 de Noviembre de 2005 14:20 ANSA BUCAREST.- El virus H5 de la gripe aviaria fue detectado hoy en un pavo en Scarlatesti, este de Rumania, donde se prev? para ma?ana abatir a cientos de aves de corral, dijo el ministerio de Agricultura. Es la primera vez que el virus H5 -que no es altamente pat?geno como el H5N1, el m?s letal de la enfermedad- es detectado en Rumania en aves de corral. El virus ya

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Turkey in Romania tests positive for bird flu

with the deadly H5N1 strain. "We think the virus was brought by migratory birds," Flutur said. Romania has already confirmed the H5N1 strain of avian flu in three villages in the Danube Delta... people in parts of Asia since 2003. In Europe, birds have tested positive for H5N1 in Romania

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November 23, 2005

New quarantine rules sought in the US

Federal health officials are seeking to update quarantine regulations, hoping changes such as easier access to airline passenger lists could better protect Americans from foreign infectious diseases, including bird flu.

The proposed changes, announced Tuesday by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, include easier CDC access to airline and ship passenger lists, a clearer appeals process for people subjected to quarantines and explicit authority to offer vaccinations and medical treatment to quarantined people.

The changes are part of a multi-pronged attempt to guard against infectious agents from abroad. In the last 1-1/2 years, the CDC also has increased the number of quarantine stations at airports, ship ports and land-border crossings from eight to 18.

Source.

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C.D.C. Proposes New Rules in Effort to Prevent Disease Outbreak - New York Times

 
C.D.C. Proposes New Rules in Effort to Prevent Disease Outbreak - New York Times (info)
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/23/national/23cdc.html?ex=1290402000&en= 203da83eb4ac1c12&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss

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Sick teacher in Hunan negative for H5N1: WHO - China Daily



Xinhua
Sick teacher in Hunan negative for H5N1: WHO
China Daily, China - 10 hours ago
Blood tests on a schoolteacher who fell ill in Hunan Province that suffered a bird flu outbreak show he doesn't have the virulent H5N1 strain of the virus, a ...
China Confirms New Human Case of Bird Flu CRI
Suspected Bird Flu Case in Hunan Ruled Out CRI
China tightens bird-flu measures further China Daily
CRI - Shanghai Daily - all 23 related

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Reduction of H5N1 toxicity in Vietnam - VietNamNet Bridge



VietNamNet Bridge
Reduction of H5N1 toxicity in Vietnam
VietNamNet Bridge, Vietnam - 10 hours ago
H5N1 virus has changed slightly in terms of heredity and pathogenesis since appearing in Vietnam. Research of the Central Hygiene ...
Bird flu virus losing virulence: Vietnamese scientists Thanh Nien Daily
all 2 related

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China's third case and second fatality

Sometimes it's a shock to open up NewsNow in the morning, eight hours behind Greenwich Mean Time, and find some disaster splashed all over the Web. Today it's the news that China has confirmed a third human case of H5N1—and its second fatality.

he Xinhua news agency, quoting the Health Ministry, said a 35-year-old woman farmer in Anhui province had developed fever and pneumonia-like symptoms on November 11 after contact with sick and dead poultry. She died on November 22.

Xinhua said tests by China's Center for Disease Control and Prevention had proved positive for the deadly H5N1 strain of avian influenza.


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China Has 2nd Human Death From Bird Flu (Associated Press)

China on Wednesday reported its second confirmed human death from bird flu, while tests showed a teacher who fell ill elsewhere in the country does not have the H5N1 bird flu virus.

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Simulated birdflu outbreak staged in AustraliaRadioLive News Room

Australia's to stage a simulated bird flu outbreak next week, after officials warned the country faces a small but real risk of the H5N1 virus breaking out.

Up to a thousand people, across 19 towns and cities, will be involved in the staged response to an outbreak in chickens.

Observers from Britain, New Zealand and the World Organisation for Animal Health will monitor the three-day exercise.

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Chart of those Chinese quarantined, ill, and dead from H5N1 avian influenza, broken down by province (Source: Boxun News)Avian Flu Watch Photo Pool

Quip has added a photo to the pool:

Chart of those Chinese quarantined, ill, and dead from H5N1 avian influenza, broken down by province (Source: Boxun News)

There are detailed but unconfirmed reports that have come out of China, that the number of people ill and dead from the H5N1 avian influenza virus is far, far more than just the official count of 2 ill, 1 dead. If true, it means that the avian influenza pandemic may already have begun within China's borders.

----------start quote----------

Statistics on Avian Flu, which is spreading in many parts of China, including the actual number of the infected and the dead, were published on Nov. 14 at Boxun.com, a China-related news site.

According to their expose, the number of fatalities in this year up to Nov 12, totals 310 from 13 different provinces, and the number of the quarantined people is 5,554 in total, contrary to the official announcement from Chinese authorities.

Moreover, the numbers in the statistics are lower than the actual ones. These numbers were 'approved' by the Cabinet. The data were provided by an high-level official of Chinese Health Ministry, and it was not revealed the manner in which they came to receive this statistic.

According to the source, since 2004, deadly epidemics are breaking out in many parts of China, including Avian Flu. Since 2005, military was put in charge of epidemic control, leading to tightened information blackout. This kept the accurate report on epidemic situation from coming out to the international community.

The source also said that, the announcement by Chinese Health Ministry is also masking the real situation by resorting to 'technical treatment' or 'unique academic modification and interpretation.' Even when they allow foreign experts or international organizations into China for inspection, they can do it only under Chinese authorities' supervision, which made it almost impossible to uncover the real truth.

Right now, the spread of Avian Flu has become the serious situation in many places of China, and each provincial government is given clear instruction on handling the crisis and keeping out the information.

Currently, Chinese Cabinet and Supreme Military Command issued an instruction, "Anyone suspected to be infected by Avian Flu, or really infected ones should be all confined to designated medical facilities and its report be made to higher government immediately. It is strictly prohibited to reveal information on (Avian Flu) infection without approval of the Cabinet. Any violators will be disciplined and fired or held accountable by further means."

The source also mentioned another authorities' instruction, which says, "If a patient dies (of Avian Flu), you cannot record Avian Flu or H5N1 as a cause of death. A patient suffering infectious respiratory disease, but who did not get treatment at designated medical facilities will not receive assistance such as health insurance. The medical facility which treated this patient will also receive stiff sanction.

(Source of quote) (link to original Chinese Boxun report with chart pictured above, of people quarantined, ill and dead broken down by province)

----------end quote----------

Then, Dr. Masato Tashiro, director of the WHO Collaborating Center on Influenza at the National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, and head of the Department of Virology of Japan's National Institute of Infectious Disease, reported almost 100% identical information at a virologists' meeting, which he said had been given to him by a reliable source while he was travelling to China a few days ago: "What you see here is an inofficial, unpublished report from China about the H5N1 infections in China." (link to full German text)

The German news media are all over this story, which was first published the respected and widely-read newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

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Hai Phong teenager tests positive for avian flu

Van Hoa, tested positive for the H5N1 virus after his sample was sent to the Central Hygiene and Epidemiology Institute in Ha Noi. The patient, from Tien Lang District, the site of

Posted by dymaxion at 12:22 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

予防接種の時期??

... SARSの10%を上回る。 2003年末から2004年初めにかけ韓国・香港・ベトナムと東アジアで大きな被害を出しつつある鳥インフルエンザはH5N1型である。日本でも、2004年1月に山口県で感染ニワトリが見つかったのを皮切りに、各地で鳥類への感染が報告されている。 2003年末から2004年初めにかけ韓国・香港・ベトナムと東アジアで大きな被害を出しつつある鳥インフルエンザはH5N1型である。日本...型と言われている。 人には感染しないといわれている、毒性の高いインフルエンザが今回のH5N1型です。 同じく、簡単には人に感染しないといわれているH7型が流行し大きな被害を出したという可能性。 ...

ちょっと待ってて Technorati this

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November 22, 2005

LED Hugger

Treehuggers know that the best new source of electricity is conservation- that money invested there beats nuclear, coal, solar and wind. ... So much energy is completely wasted right now, we could certainly shut down many coal power ...

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More than 67000 BC birds to be culled

... and did not present a threat like the H5N1 version currently circulating in Asia. Mr. Evans said: "I want to emphasize that the H5N1 subtype detected in ... In fact, H5N1 is the first documented case of flu transmitted directly from ...

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Canadian outbreak leads to U.S. import bans

states that it was not the H5N1 strain currently so prevalent in Asia. In response, the United States banned imports of poultry from British Columbia, but may scale back the ban

Posted by dymaxion at 06:26 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Under-reporting of human Bird Flu infections poses worldwide threat

130 people have been infected with H5N1 avian flu and under 70 have died worldwide. These numbers may give a false sense of security, because there are enormous problems getting

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ratcliffebloguro;”mitch's open notebook: world bank sees $800 billion bird flu costs

The World Bank says a flu pandemic lasting a year could cost the global economy up to $800 billion and health experts say it is imperative to control the spread of the H5N1 avian flu virus in animals before it mutates and spreads easily among people. The World Bank number is a GDP estimate, which does not take into account speculative losses, such as stock declines that result from lower productivity, spending, etc. caused by the bird flu. I stand by my assertion that an unchecked pandemic

Posted by dymaxion at 06:22 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

la tribune.fr - d??p??che reuters - un adolescent vietnamien contamin?? par le h5n1

HANOI (Reuters) - Les autorit?s sanitaires vietnamiennes ont confirm? mardi qu'un adolescent de quinze ans, soign? ? Haiphong, dans le nord du pays, avait ?t? contamin? par le virus H5N1 de la grippe aviaire. En revanche, des analyses effectu?es sur quatre autres patients, dont un v?t?rinaire qui avait ?t? en contact avec des poules malades et pr?sentait des sympt?mes de grippe, n'ont r?v?l? aucune trace de ce virus. Depuis 2003, le H5N1 a tu? 67 personnes en Asie, dont 42 au Vietnam. Les

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AMÉRICA LATINA: Gripe aviar

... asiático donde más se ha cebado la virulencia de la gripe aviar con la presencia del virus H5N1, el... permanente de riesgo en la avicultura regional. "Dada la agresiva forma de diseminación del virus H5N1 ...

Antón INFO (español) La COMUNIDAD en el mundo Technorati this

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Vietnamese teen contracts bird flu - Yahoo! News

... Vietnamese teen contracts bird flu - Yahoo! News Vietnamese teen contracts bird flu 21 minutes ago HANOI (Reuters) - A Vietnamese teenager has been confirmed with the H5N1 ... ...

Avian Flu Technorati this

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November 21, 2005

European Medicines Agency update on the safety of Tamiflu

 
European Medicines Agency update on the safety of Tamiflu (info)
http://medicalnewstoday.com/medicalnews.php?newsid=33860

Posted by dymaxion at 12:03 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

World organizations to develop avian flu early warning system

 
World organizations to develop avian flu early warning system (info)
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2005-11/21/content_3809651.htm
""Precise information on the places where migratory birds go including their resting sites and final destinations is currently scattered across a myriad of organizations, bodies and groups. It is absolutely vital that this is brought together in a way that isuseful to those dealing with the threat of this pandemic backed upby high quality, precision, mapping" said Klaus Toepfer, executive director of UNEP."
Posted by Declan to migraorty birds AvianFlu GIS on Sun Nov 20 2005 at 19:48 UTC

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Tamiflu Safety - How do tell if your Tamiflu is fake?

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Pricing bird flu

Beijing Minsheng Life Insurance on November 7th was first to launch a policy that would pay the insured if they are infected by the H5N1 virus. Four days later, Shenzhen based Hua-an Property Insurance followed. ...

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Another suspected human death over bird flu occurs in Indonesia - People's Daily Online



Washington Post
Another suspected human death over bird flu occurs in Indonesia
People's Daily Online, China - 4 hours ago
... Local tests showed he had contracted the deadly H5N1 strain of avian influenza, the Website of Jakarta Post quoted her as saying. ...
Hygiene will reduce risk of flu pandemic-HK expert Reuters AlertNet
Indonesia records eighth bird flu death The Age (subscription)
What’s so scary . . .? Manila Times
Forbes - Arkansas Democrat-Gazette (subscription) - all 177 related

Posted by dymaxion at 11:26 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

NYT: Bush plan inadequate

The New York Times has blocked off most of its content from Web surfers, but here's an editorial you can access: The Perplexing Pandemic Flu Plan. It confirms Leavitt's warnings (see below) about national unpreparedness:

Local health departments and hospitals would have to rely on isolating infected people to limit spread of the disease and using standard medical care to reduce death and suffering. Yet this is precisely where the plan is at its weakest. The voluminous document is mostly a laundry list of things state and local health agencies and hospitals should consider in getting ready. Professional groups and academic experts who have pored over the details find them disturbingly incomplete as a guide to action.

The chain of command is unclear, with myriad agencies and multiple levels of government playing a role. Medical or public health interventions are sometimes suggested without enough information to judge their likely effectiveness or downsides. Liability protection for health workers and compensation for those injured by vaccines are not addressed, nor is the issue of how the United States would respond to requests from other countries for vaccines and medicines. Health departments and medical institutions would be left to scramble for extra vaccines or drugs from private suppliers once stockpiles have been exhausted, setting off a race that should be averted by centralized purchases.


Posted by dymaxion at 11:25 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

A conference on avian flu

Many thanks to the reader who sent me the link to the Council on Foreign Relations' Conference On The Global Threat Of Pandemic Influenza.

It's the transcript of a day-long conference last Wednesday, where a number of well-known persons including Laurie Garrett and Michael Osterholm looked at:
•Where we stand now
•Containment and control
•The US government's role
•The business community's role
•What would the world look like after a pandemic?

The transcript is quite long, and worth reading in its entirety.

Posted by dymaxion at 11:20 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Vaccination could backfire on China

The International Herald Tribune quotes American experts as saying bird flu plan could backfire on China.

Vaccination teams could easily carry the virus from farm to farm on their shoes, clothes and equipment unless they changed or sterilized them each time, the experts said last week. That practice could be particularly difficult in a country like China, where the veterinary care system is underfinanced and millions of birds are kept in small flocks by families.

Also, experts said, the task is likely to be overwhelming because the Chinese eat about 14 billion chickens a year, so mass vaccinations would have to be repeated again and again, while the risk of the disease being reintroduced by migratory birds, in which it is now endemic, would be constant.

carrying the disease would be a good example of one of my favourite words: "iatrogenic" means a disease caused by efforts to heal.

Posted by dymaxion at 11:18 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird Flu Survivors May Not Be All That Safe The Immune System Blog

Bird Flu Survivors May Not Be All That Safe  RedNova - Nov 18 6:15 AM By Tan Ee LynHONG KONG — Deadly strains of the H5N1 bird flu virus have killed about half of all people known to have been infected and most people assume that survivors should be protected by antibodies and so immune to [...]

Posted by dymaxion at 11:05 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

ONU revela criação de sistema de alerta para gripe das avesNotícias Publico.PT

Através de mapas de migrações das aves


Vários especialistas começaram a criar um sistema de alerta para a gripe das aves, através do mapeamento das rotas das aves migradoras que, segundo os cientistas, estão a espalhar o vírus H5N1 da Ásia para outras partes do mundo, revelaram hoje as Nações Unidas.

Posted by dymaxion at 11:04 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Grippe aviaire : le virus H5N1 confirmé en Roumanietf1.fr - Actu Sciences

Le virus "hautement pathogène" de la grippe aviaire a été confirmé sur quatre poules retrouvées mortes la semaine dernière dans le delta du Danube. Deux nouveaux foyers ont été identifiés lundi dans cette même région. En Chine, les autorités évoquent une situation "toujours grave".

Posted by dymaxion at 11:04 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

全國家禽免疫年底完成

... ,預計要到年底,才可做到全國家禽免疫。另外,早前三宗內地確診人類感染H5N1禽流感病例,其中兩名死者死前曾進食病死家禽。   內蒙自治區莫力達瓦達斡爾族自治旗漢古爾河鎮烏蘭村本月十五日,共一百七十六隻飼養的家禽死亡,十六日湖北省石首市天鵝洲經濟開發區死亡家禽達三千五百隻,國家禽流感參考實驗室昨日確診兩地的疫情為H5N1亞型高致病性禽流感。農業部即時派出專家組赴疫區指導防控工作,兩疫區亦按照有關應急預案要求...,並引發敗血症、胃出血等,多種臟器功能衰竭其後不治。同樣吃過病雞的九歲弟弟賀俊堯經治療後,日前康復出院。   此外,加拿大政府昨日證實,中部馬尼托巴省驗出多隻候鳥感染H5N1禽流感病毒 ...

Carol's Sharing Space Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 11:00 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Romania confirms H5N1 virus in Danube delta poultry

Romania confirms H5N1 virus in Danube delta poultry http://za.today.reuters.com/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=topNews storyID=2005-11-21T093252Z_01_ALL129725_RTRIDST_0_OZATP-BIRDFLU-ROMANIA-20051121.XML Laboratory tests in Britain confirmed the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu in samples taken from Romanian hens found dead last week in a Danube delta village, the agriculture ministry said on Monday.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:51 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

November 18, 2005

Congress rejects emergency funding for bird flu

Emergency money that President George W. Bush requested to combat a looming influenza pandemic has been deleted from a U.S. health-funding bill after conservative Republicans insisted it would have to be paid for by cutting other government programs.

The U.S. House of Representatives on Thursday was set to debate the massive health-funding bill. After days of intensive talks between the House and Senate, negotiators dropped a plan for $8 billion in funds that Democrats pushed through the Senate last month.

Following that Senate vote, Bush on November 1 asked Congress for $7.1 billion in emergency money.

The funding fight erupted after conservative Republicans in the House insisted that an emergency U.S. effort to stockpile vaccines and anti-viral drugs that could be effective against the deadly flu would have to be paid for by cutting other government programs.

Republican leaders in the House said that instead of attaching the bird flu money to a massive $602 billion health and labor spending bill that is rapidly moving through Congress, they would try separate legislation later this year or early next year.

Source.

Posted by dymaxion at 01:34 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird Flu Survivors May Not Be All That Safe

By Tan Ee LynHONG KONG -- Deadly strains of the H5N1 bird flu virus have killed about half of all people known to have been infected and most people assume that survivors should be protected by antibodies and so immune to repeat infections.But experts say that may not always be the case.The virus, which has infected 130 people in Asia and killed 67 of them since late 2003, is changing constantly and repeat infections by new strains could still leave a birdflu survivor in peril, just as people can catch a new form of the flu every year."Infected people with antibodies (to H5N1) should be protected for years against the same virus.

Posted by dymaxion at 01:33 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Vietnam plans human bird-flu vaccine trials

Amid concerns that the bird flu virus is mutating and experts’ warnings that developing a specific H5N1 vaccine would be futile in such a case, Vietnamese health officials are planning to start testing a potential human vaccine against the H5N1 bird flu virus in early 2006. The vaccine, developed in 2004, has been tested successfully on chickens and monkeys. Human trials would begin as soon as the World Health Organization and the Vietnamese government approve the tests.

The vaccine has been developed by Hanoi-based researchers using cell culture technique. A sample of a weakened form of the virus was taken from a patient who had died of the disease and then grown in monkey kidney cells, a process the group claims can produce the best results within the shortest time.

Besides the human bird flu vaccine, Vietnam has also disclosed plans to produce poultry vaccine to stem the rapid spread of the disease among its estimated 220 million birds. An official from Vietnam’s Institute of Biotechnology said that the agriculture ministry had given permission to two enterprises, one close to Hanoi and another in the southern business hub, Ho Chi Minh City, to produce the vaccine.

Meanwhile, an FDA advisory panel is reviewing a proposal by pharmaceutical companies to base production of bird flu vaccines on cell cultures in a laboratory rather than chicken eggs. Although the new method is quicker, the FDA is cautious about giving it its go-ahead as vaccines grown from the cell line carry the risk of creating tumors.

In the latest update on bird flu, WHO has confirmed two more human bird flu deaths in Indonesia. Four other Indonesians have been confirmed as infected with the H5N1 strain of bird flu but are still alive. On Wednesday, China reported its first three confirmed human cases of bird flu—two of them fatalities— as the government raced to vaccinate billions of chickens, ducks and other poultry in a massive effort to stop the spread of the virus.

Posted by dymaxion at 01:30 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Chicago Tribune | FDA to Examine Deaths of Tamiflu Patients

 
Chicago Tribune | FDA to Examine Deaths of Tamiflu Patients (info)
http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/sns-ap-fda-tamiflu,1,4085200.story?c oll=chi-business-hed&ctrack=1&cset=true
Posted by Declan to roche Tamiflu FDA AvianFlu Japan on Fri Nov 18 2005 at 14:59 UTC

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WHO: Ptačí chřipka časem vyvolá epidemii u lidí

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Tamiflu Safety - the FDA Responds

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China confirms two more bird flu cases - Outlook (subscription)


China confirms two more bird flu cases
Outlook (subscription), India - 2 hours ago
Highly pathogenic H5N1 bird flu epidemic was found in Xiaoyi city of Shanxi Province and Urumqi city of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the Chinese ...
China to vaccinate entire poultry Times of India
all 2 related

Posted by dymaxion at 01:22 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Recent Avian Influenza Outbreaks in Asia and Europe - Community Dispatch (press release)


Recent Avian Influenza Outbreaks in Asia and Europe
Community Dispatch (press release) - 11 hours ago
The World Health Organization (WHO) maintains situation updates and cumulative reports of human cases of avian influenza A (H5N1). ...
US BioDefense, Inc. Explores Strategic Response to Bird Flu ... Yahoo! News (press release)
all 4 related

Posted by dymaxion at 01:21 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

China's poultry industry gets a break

China Daily reports on the latest government plans to cope with bird flu.

At a meeting of the State Council, or Cabinet, led by Premier Wen Jiabao, poultry processing and marketing businesses were ordered exempt from 2005 corporate taxes. They will get value-added tax rebates and export tax rebates, and breaks on land use, real estate and vehicle taxes, Xinhua News Agency reported.

Banks, meanwhile, were ordered to relax terms on loan payments and poultry workers who lose their jobs are to get unemployment insurance or subsistence allowances, the Xinhua report said.

The government earlier set aside 2 billion yuan, or $250 million, to finance its campaign against the disease, which includes vaccinating all domestic fowl and compensating farmers for their losses. According to state media reports, farmers are due to get between 10 yuan to 30 yuan ($1.23) to 30 yuan ($3.70) for each bird lost to culling or disease.

is help comes not a minute too soon. The story also describes the implosion of the poultry market in Shanghai, where chicken is now cheaper than some vegetables.

Posted by dymaxion at 01:20 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

New Zealand considers "telebanking"

New Zealand really does seem to be taking H5N1 seriously. Now the country's reserve bank governor is disclosing the bank's plans for a "Code Red" scenario.

This would include cutting interest rates by one or two percent to keep the economy going. The bank would also operate in part over the Internet:

Under the worst-case scenario of a full scale pandemic, the central bank would send staff home and key functions would be conducted remotely.

The bank has already begun enacting plans to increase the amount of money in its vaults, to counter panic hoarding.

eputy governor, Adrian Orr, said that New Zealand households are vulnerable because of high debt levels, while the country's current account deficit "was running at an unsustainable 8 percent of GDP." Even if H5N1 could be kept out of New Zealand, the economic impact would be severe.

And since not every bank employee could work from home, "The Reserve Bank is issuing staff with face masks, gloves, tissues, handwash liquid and paracetamol."

Posted by dymaxion at 01:17 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Ho Chi Minh City braces for human flu

The hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City (once known as Saigon) are preparing for a human pandemic of avian flu, according to Thanh Nien Daily.

At the Pediatric Hospital I, a special unit has been set up comprising of 20 doctors and 20 nurses. Yesterday, the hospital conducted a mock exercise to respond to bird flu cases.

Its director, Tang Chi Thuong, said the hospital was making emergency preparations for a possible pandemic. Since the hospital was always full of children, he said the flu could spread quickly if H5N1 victims came in waves and he did not have appropriate measures in place.

Another children's facility, the Pediatric Hospital II, has trained all its staff, from drivers to guards, to protect themselves against infection. It also has more than 1,000 tamiflu pills.

Pham Ngoc Thach Hospital, a newcomer in the fight against the epidemic, even has a separate toilet for bird flu patients.


Posted by dymaxion at 01:16 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Two Women Who Died of Avian Flu in Indonesia Had No Contact With Birds

said in an interview today. The H5N1 virus has infected at least 130 people and killed 67 since December 2003 in Vietnam, China, Cambodia, Indonesia and Thailand, the World Health

Posted by dymaxion at 01:14 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

BAD NEWS

... 接了个电话,她告诉我,她受了伤。。。。 有些事,原本可以避免,却总是意外地发生, 有某些人的降临,可以是天使,亦可以是魔鬼, 说不出安慰的句子,很多事,痛过才知痛。。。 痛过才懂得如果更爱自己。。。 很庆幸,她没有太沮丧, 就算痛,还有人陪她呼吸痛的空气。 原来生命不是可以自己自主的, 这样也好, 不会怕有H5N1; 不会怕恒星某日会撞上地球; 我对她说 很快过去的。。。 IMG IMG ...

向左走.向右走...... Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 01:13 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Tamiflu Futures To Trade at the Merc

... having already peaked and with the news of H5N1 spreading in China, there is said to be a raging ...

The Mess That Greenspan Made Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 01:13 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

中国在APEC的领导作用正超过美国

... ,中国和美国都在其中扮演著重要角色。同时中国在对抗禽流感疫情方面也发挥著举足轻重的作用。 过去一个月中,中国爆发了9起禽流感疫情,对候鸟可能在不同国家传播H5N1型禽流感病毒的恐惧已经增强了中国和其他APEC成员国进行合作的紧迫性 ...

Global Talk Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 01:12 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

【国際】中国で感染地域拡大 新たに2カ所で鳥インフルエンザ感染を確認したと発表

... 【国際】中国で感染地域拡大 新たに2カ所で鳥インフルエンザ感染を確認したと発表 ◇中国で感染地域拡大 鳥インフルエンザ、山西省でも 中国農業省は18日、山西省孝義市と新疆ウイグル自治区ウルムチの2カ所で 高病原性鳥インフルエンザ(H5N1型)の家禽(かきん)への感染を それぞれ確認したと発表した。 山西省での感染確認は今年初めて。これで中国の計31の省、 直轄市、自治区のうち、感染が確認された地域は6省3自治区に及んだ。 孝義市では10日に鶏約8100羽が死に、17日に感染を確認。 ウルムチ天山区では12日に鶏8羽が死に、16日に確認した。 いずれも発生場所から3キロ以内の家禽を ...

News Scrap from 2ch Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 01:11 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

radio australia - news - chinese authorities lock down village after bird flu death

Chinese authorities have locked down a village in eastern Anhui province after a pregnant woman died of bird flu last week. The 24-year-old from the small village of Lingtan became the nation's first confirmed human fatality from the virus. China's health ministry in Beijing says the H5N1 virus also likely claimed the life of a 12-year-old girl in Hunan province. back

Posted by dymaxion at 01:09 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Avian Flu: Is Humanity on the Razor?s Edge?

Anyone who supposes that evolution doesnt happen, or doesnt matter, should spare a thought for H5N1... to H5N1 for most of the past decade. It is part of the natural order for viruses to mutate, and the H5N1 flu strain associated with the deadly form of avian flu is no exception. Indeed, random mutation... the dreaded human transmissible form of H5N1 could result from an even simpler method --- recombination..., the fact that H3 and H4 viruses are co-infecting birds that also have H5N1 creates new opportunities

Posted by dymaxion at 01:08 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

November 17, 2005

HoustonChronicle.com - Medicine man: The government's point man on pandemic flu has no medical, public health or emergency management experience. But is he an effective manager?

 
HoustonChronicle.com - Medicine man: The government's point man on pandemic flu has no medical, public health or emergency management experience. But is he an effective manager? (info)
http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/ssistory.mpl/editorial/3466666
"The government's point man on pandemic flu has no medical, public health or emergency management experience. But is he an effective manager?"
Posted by Declan to AvianFlu fema katrina on Thu Nov 17 2005 at 12:07 UTC

Posted by dymaxion at 11:29 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

WSJ map of flu outbreaks

WSJ MAP
 
WSJ map of flu outbreaks (info)
http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/info-flash05a.html?project =avianflumap05&h=500&w=780&hasAd=1
Posted by Declan to AvianFlu maps on Thu Nov 17 2005 at 09:38 UTC

Posted by dymaxion at 11:28 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

More on the mutation discovered in VietnamAvian Flu - What we need to know

H5N1 has already been mutating rapidly in Vietnam, where few chickens are vaccinated. Cao Bao Van, head of the Pasteur Institute in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam, told the Vietnamese press this week that 24 isolates of H5N1 from poultry and humans, taken between December 2003 and March 2005, show “significant variation”.

Cao was also quoted as saying a mutation had been observed in the PB2 gene of a virus isolated from a human case in March, which “allows more effective breeding of the virus in mammals”. PB2 codes for part of the polymerase enzyme which replicates the virus.

That mutation, at amino acid number 627 of the protein, changes the glutamic acid of bird flu to the lysine typical of human flu. The change allows the virus to replicate in the human respiratory tract, which is cooler than the bird guts where bird flu normally replicates.

The same mutation has been turning up since 2004 in several isolates of H5N1 from humans and other mammals in east Asia and shows the virus is adapting to mammals while infecting them. It was also a feature of the 1918 pandemic virus, which was a bird flu virus that adapted to humans.

From a New Scientist article that also informs us of a Chinese plan to vaccinate all poultry against bird flu.

Posted by dymaxion at 11:25 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

grippe aviaire et conflit sud thailandeasiareports


Grippe aviaire : Bangkok sous la menace

Un petit garçon de dix-huit mois est devenu le 5 novembre la première victime de la grippe
aviaire dans la capitale thaïlandaise. Il a probablement été
infecté par l'un des trois poulets élevés à
son domicile et retrouvés morts quelques jours avant que ne se
déclare la maladie. Le district de Klong Sam Wa, proche du zoo
Safari World, a été mis sous surveillance. La présence,
dans Bangkok, de centaines, voire de milliers d'élevage de
volailles familiaux ou tout simplement clandestins rend difficile
toute campagne d'éradication, d'autant que les autorités
se livrent à un combat de coqs pour savoir qui a la charge de
lutter contre l'épidémie. Le mois de novembre a en
effet vu une sérieuse prise de becs entre le gouverneur Apirak
Kosayodhin, élu de l'opposition démocrate, et la
ministre de l'Agriculture, Sudarat Keyuraphan, toute dévouée
au Premier ministre Thaksin. Cette dernière a accusé la
municipalité de ne pas transmettre au gouvernement les
rapports sur les cas de mortalité aviaire.

Une vingtaine de « zones à
risque » restent sous haute surveillance dans le pays,
alors que le gouvernement vient d'annoncer un plan d'éradication
de la grippe aviaire sur trois ans. La plupart des observateurs,
notant l'absence de mesures sérieuses dans trois pays voisins
(Cambodge, Laos et surtout Birmanie), doutent cependant de
l'efficacité de toute mesure strictement nationale.

Pendant ce temps-là, sur le
front de la recherche, un laboratoire de Hanoi vient d'identifier des
modifications de la structure du virus H5N1 qui pourraient favoriser
une transmission entre mammifères. Le cauchemard a-t-il déjà
commencé ?

Nouvelle escalade dans le Sud


Ce pourrait être juste un chiffre
de plus dans les terribles statistiques du conflit qui fait rage
depuis bientôt deux ans dans les trois provinces du Sud du
royaume. Mais c'est surtout le symbole d'un durcissement de la
situation. Une famille de neuf personnes a été
assassinées à l'arme automatique, le 16 novembre, dans
un village de la province de Narathiwat. Pour la première fois
depuis janvier 2004, les rebelles indépendantistes musulmans
ont opéré une action de représailles
collectives. Le chef de la famille en question, ancien rebelle, avait
semble-t-il choisi de retourner sa veste et de se ranger du côté
des autorités thaïlandaises. Ce multiple assassinat ciblé
n'a épargné ni la femme ni les sept enfants du
défecteur, âgés de huit mois à vingt ans.
C'est un avertissement brutal aux musulmans de la région qui
seraient tentés de trouver un compromis dans un conflit qui a
déjà fait mille morts. C'est aussi une fin de
non-recevoir envoyée à un gouvernement qui n'a su
conquérir ni les coeurs ni les âmes de ses citoyens en
danger.




Posted by dymaxion at 11:23 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Dos nuevas muertes por gripe aviar en Indonesia20Minutos

Los análisis revelan la presencia del mortal virus de la cepa H5N1. Ya son siete los muertos en ese país a causa de esa enfermedad.

Posted by dymaxion at 11:23 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

La Chine confirme ses premiers cas humain de grippe aviaire [17/11/2005 11:29]Sciences : actualité scientifique - NouvelObs.com

Le ministre de la santé chinois a confirmé mercredi soir que trois personnes ont été contaminées par le virus H5N1 pour la première fois en Chine. Il s’agit d’une jeune femme de 24 ans travaillant dans une ferme dans la province de Anhui, qui est morte le 10 novembre.

Posted by dymaxion at 11:22 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

WHO Expects Human Cases of Bird Flu to Rise in China

Anhui province died from the deadly H5N1 avian flu strain. A 12-year-old girl in southern Hunan is suspected of having died from the disease last month. Her nine-year old brother,

Posted by dymaxion at 11:21 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Eerste sterfgeval vogelgriep in China

... de bestrijding van H5N1 niet adequaat aanpakt. ,,Het is voldoende om de vogels in een omtrek van ...

De Tevreden Roker Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 11:20 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

AIDS may help spread of bird flu

... systems, could harbour the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu. This would potentially give it the opportunity... at a conference organised by the Council on Foreign Relations in New York. At present, H5N1 cannot pass easily... the key could be when H5N1 reaches East Africa, where HIV/Aids is rife. Cannot clear virus He ...

Enflu Technorati this

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WHOが感染拡大警告(共同通信)

... 2005年11月17日 (木曜日) WHOが感染拡大警告(共同通信) 【北京・共同】 世界保健機関(WHO)北京事務所の ベケダム代表は17日記者会見し、 中国で高病原性鳥 インフルエンザ(H5N1型)の人への感染が 初めて確認されたことについて、 鳥や人への感染が拡大する可能性があると警告、 中国政府と協力し、 感染拡大防止に全力を挙げる姿勢を表明した。 冬へ向けて日に日に寒さが増しています。 朝晩の寒さに気を付けるのもそうですが、 出掛けたらウガイ、手洗いも忘れず、 予防に努めましょう。 投稿者 na-mi- 時刻 22時07分 in ニュース | ...

na-mi- 悲喜コモゴモ Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 11:20 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

中国大陆人染禽流首证实 揭中共瞒情

... ,即将在各口岸恢复为入境旅客探测体温。 据中共卫生部公布,内地确定2宗人感染高致病性禽流感H5N1病例中,湖南1宗,安徽1宗,另1宗在湖南的个案即贺姓女孩,因为患者已死,同时缺乏确切的实验室检测证据... 中共卫生部的通报对3宗个案有所说明: 确诊的第1名患者贺某某,男,9岁,湖南省湘潭市湘潭县人。10月10日发病,临床有发热、肺炎表现。患者发病前有病死家禽接触史,其居住的村发生H5N1高致病性禽流感疫情。对该患者标本的实验室检测,H5N1病毒阴性。实验室检测患者发病后急性期和恢复期双份血清,H5特异性抗体呈4倍以上增高,表明患者近期有高致病性禽流感病毒H5N1感染。根据患者流行病学史、临床表现和实验室结果 ...

九 评 共 产 党 Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 11:19 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

reformatorisch dagblad - internet editie

JAKARTA (ANP/RTR) De gevaarlijke vogelgriepvariant H5N1 heeft in Indonesi nog twee slachtoffers ge ist. Een meisje en een jonge vrouw overleden als gevolg van de griep afgelopen week in Jakarta, zo bevestigde het ministerie van Volksgezondheid donderdag. De twee hadden contact gehad met dode kippen. Het brengt het aantal pati nten van dit virus dat is overleden in Indonesi op zeven. Vier pati... in het zuidoosten van Azi . Het zouden er veel meer kunnen worden indien H5N1 zich onder mensen

Posted by dymaxion at 11:18 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Indonesia confirms two new bird flu deaths

for the deadly H5N1 bird flu virus, according to the World Health Organization in Jakarta. Those.... The Ministry confirmed that a 24-year-old poultry worker was killed by the H5N1 virus. A nine-year-old boy... she died of the H5N1 influenza virus, but the case could not be confirmed because no samples were... were compatible with H5N1, for us it's not a case because we don't have that laboratory confirmation..., in an effort to contain the virus. The H5N1 bird flu virus has killed more than 60 people in Asia

Posted by dymaxion at 11:17 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

November 16, 2005

H5N1: Asian Development Bank on pandemic consequences

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Vietnamese researchers to test vaccines on themselves

Thanh Nien, a good Vietnamese source, says researchers will test vaccines on themselves.

According to the Hanoi-based Central Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Vietnam will produce H5N1 vaccines by culturing the bird flu strain for lengthy periods in monkey cells, yielding a deactivated form of the virus. When the deactivated form is delivered to the human system, it should kick start the immune system, allowing it to recognize and fend off the real virus.

The Vietnam-produced vaccine samples are now in the hands of the World Health Organization for analysis prior to the human test.


Posted by dymaxion at 01:11 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird flu could cut US poultry demand by 50%

Yahoo! News reports that bird flu could cut US poultry demand by 50 percent. It's another reminder that avian flu is a serious economic problem even if it never infects another human being:

In 2006, the United States is forecast to produce nearly 36 billion pounds of chickens, according to USDA.

Poultry exports from the United States range between $1.7 billion and $2.5 billion annually, or 8 percent to 15 percent of total production, according to USDA figures. The rest is consumed domestically.

beef industry has taken a beating in recent years because of exactly one case of mad cow disease, which shut down our exports (especially to the US). And that was a problem even though Canadians continued to chow down on burgers and steaks.

Imagine the impact of a domestic boycott of poultry products in the US, coupled with a ban on exports.

Posted by dymaxion at 01:11 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

310 dead from bird flu in China?

Thanks to the reader who supplied the link to iFlu.org: 310 dead from bird flu in China? It's a remarkable story. The question is whether it's true or not.

First, some background. Last spring and summer Boxun News was the source of remarkable information from China's Qinghai Lake. Dr. Henry Niman of Recombinomics was using computer translations of Boxun's news stories, which included transcripts from Chinese-language bulletin boards.

These accounts suggested a raging epidemic of avian flu in the region of Qinghai Lake, with a presumably successful suppression of the story by Chinese authorities. (Machine translation, alas, also made the reports sound like something from the I Qing.)

Boxun is hard to assess as a reliable source. It's a news service run out of the US by Chinese dissidents, some of them refugees from the Tiananmen Square events of 1989. While they might well have access to domestic Chinese online communications, they might equally want to discredit the Beijing government by any means possible.

By the end of the summer Boxun seemed to have lost interest in avian flu. I still check it fairly often, but most of its recent English-language translations have to do with specific dissidents and with problems in Burma (Myanmar).

I still don't know whether to trust Boxun or not. You'd think that if they were just out to whip up anti-Beijing feeling, they'd have leaned hard on H5N1 as a topic that scares a lot of westerners who honestly don't care about Myanmar. Instead, they've ignored H5N1—at least in their English-language items, a small fraction of what they post.

I'm also surprised and a little shocked that, with all the Chinese speakers in the world outside China, we have so little access to the Chinese Internet—including translations of Boxun news stories. The anglocentric nature of the Internet is a real disadvantage here.

Given the number of western journalists, teachers, tourists, and business persons in China today, it's also surprising that such a story (310 avian-flu deaths!) could go unnoticed until Boxun got around to reporting it.

The story may well be true. But for now I'm sticking with the Scottish verdict: "Not proven."

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Chinese media stand up and speak up

Here's an absolute must-read from China Daily: Why must Chinese press take a detour for virus info? The author is Hu Shuli, editor-in-chief of Caijing Magazine. Her article is both a demand for more transparency in Chinese media, and an indication that such transparency is actually happening. Here's an excerpt, but read the whole thing:

When other domestic press, including Caijing, sent journalists to Xiangtan [where 12-year-old He Yin died], they met many obstacles in gaining access to the case. Apparently, local government agencies do not quite see eye to eye with Beijing on the matter of transparency.

Admittedly, the situation has improved immensely over what we witnessed in the early days of the SARS epidemic in 2003, when the question of the virus's very existence in China was deemed a state secret.

But if we want to further improve the situation, we must also acknowledge that officials still are not open and efficient enough in disclosing virus information to the public.

Millions of Chinese farmers, with their lives and property directly threatened by the virus, deserve to receive information first-hand the minute it becomes public. Better informing farmers means granting greater freedom to the domestic media. At very least, they should be allowed to stand on the same starting line as their foreign counterparts.

you stand is where all journalists should be standing.

Posted by dymaxion at 01:10 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

中国で鳥インフルエンザ、3人感染

... 【北京=飯野克彦】新華社電によると、中国衛生省は16日夜、鳥インフルエンザの人への感染を3例確認したと発表した。中国で人への感染を確認したのは初めて。政府は感染拡大を防ぐため、同国のすべての家禽(かきん)約142億羽へのワクチン接種に乗り出した。  人への感染を確認したのは湖南省で2例、安徽省で1例。いずれも10月に鳥インフルエンザ(H5N1型)の家禽への感染を確認、人への感染も疑われていた地域。  世界保健機関(WHO)北京事務所は同日、感染した3人のうち2人が死亡したと中国当局から連絡を受けたことを明らかにした。  地元の衛生当局や衛生省は当初、人への感染を否定していたが、15日までに「 ...

気になるニュース Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 01:09 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Gripe aviar en humanos se extiende a China con 2 casos, 1 mortal

... gripales poco después de ingerir pollo en una zona afectada por uno de los brotes de H5N1, y aunque en... señaló hoy a EFE que se encontraron altos niveles de anticuerpos del virus H5N1 en análisis ...

..::Guillermo Coalla Suárez::..BLOG Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 01:09 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

禽流感常識問答

... 路透華盛頓電---全球領導人都在採取行動,試圖控制H5N1禽流感病毒的繼續爆發,該病毒已在某些亞、歐國家造成家禽感染。以下是一些有關該病毒的常見問題及其答案。 **為什麼我們如此擔心H5N1病毒?** H5N1禽流感病毒不僅會使家禽迅速死亡,現在還能感染人類。世界衛生組織(WHO)已經確認有126人被感染,有64人因此死亡,另外還有九個疑似病例或被當地確認的病例。 感染人數聽起來似乎不多,但令衛生官員和科學家擔心的是,H5N1與其它流感病毒一樣會不斷變異,它現在只是缺少在人際傳播的能力。如果它具備了這種轉移性,會有數百萬人在幾個月之內被感染,而且由於其本身的致病性和人類對其缺乏免疫力 ...

Hotdog Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 01:08 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

More on the mutation discovered in Vietnam

H5N1 has already been mutating rapidly in Vietnam, where few chickens are vaccinated. Cao Bao Van, head of the Pasteur Institute in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam, told the Vietnamese press this week that 24 isolates of H5N1 from poultry and humans, taken between December 2003 and March 2005, show “significant variation”.

Cao was also quoted as saying a mutation had been observed in the PB2 gene of a virus isolated from a human case in March, which “allows more effective breeding of the virus in mammals”. PB2 codes for part of the polymerase enzyme which replicates the virus.

That mutation, at amino acid number 627 of the protein, changes the glutamic acid of bird flu to the lysine typical of human flu. The change allows the virus to replicate in the human respiratory tract, which is cooler than the bird guts where bird flu normally replicates.

The same mutation has been turning up since 2004 in several isolates of H5N1 from humans and other mammals in east Asia and shows the virus is adapting to mammals while infecting them. It was also a feature of the 1918 pandemic virus, which was a bird flu virus that adapted to humans.

From a New Scientist article that also informs us of a Chinese plan to vaccinate all poultry against bird flu.

Posted by dymaxion at 01:07 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Avian flu alert service

Here is the link, courtesy of Tim Faught.

Posted by dymaxion at 01:07 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

China Confirms First Human Bird Flu Cases

H5N1 has killed more than 60 people since it reappeared in Asia two years ago. In all or almost all human cases reported thus far, transmission has been from animals to people. Scientists fear the strain could mutate and become passable ...

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Bird Flu Marches On

The H5N1 virus was detected in two patients in the central province of Hunan and one sick person in the eastern province of Anhui, the ministry said. All three were believed to have caught the virus through contact with sick birds. ...

Posted by dymaxion at 01:03 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird Flu In China

China is now admitting that H5N1 antibodies have been found in the brother of the girl who died of mysterious pneumonia. Today they said they have three ... Boxun is reporting that there have been over 300 fatalities from H5N1 in China. ...

Posted by dymaxion at 01:03 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird Flu raging in Vietnam

Link: Thanhnien News. Vietnam’s animal health agency said Friday that bird flu had spread to 30 communes in nine provinces and cities where nearly 30000 fowls died or were culled. The provinces are Bac Lieu and Dong Thap in the...

Posted by dymaxion at 01:02 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

H5N1 running rampant - batten down the hatches!

The Chinese government is now warning of the H5N1 outbreak running out of control in the Liaoning, with 3 fresh cases in 24 hours. The new scientist article on it is nothing but alarming, and for the Chinese government, that light of ...

Posted by dymaxion at 01:02 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

November 15, 2005

The latest from China

[A] team of WHO experts traveled to China's central region where a bird flu outbreak was reported among poultry. Three people fell ill in the same village in Hunan, including a 12-year-old girl who died, after the government reported 545 chickens and ducks died of bird flu last month. The H5N1 bird flu virus has not been ruled out as the cause of the human infection.

The six-member WHO team is expected to stay a week, working with Chinese officials to investigate the outbreak, said Roy Wadia, WHO spokesman in Beijing.

China also reported a new bird flu outbreak in poultry in Huainan, a city in the eastern province of Anhui its ninth outbreak since Oct. 19, China Central Television said.

Another report said China had developed its own version of Tamiflu, an antiviral drug believed to be the best treatment available for bird flu in humans.

Zhong Nanshan, director of the Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases, said the Chinese drug has some effect against the virus, according to an interview published Sunday in the Information Times newspaper. It did not give any details about the drug or when it might be available.

Source.

China also announced it will close the Xianghai National Nature Reserve to prevent tourists from getting infected with bird flu.

Today there were reports of a suspected human case in Liaoning:

"They said that there is a female poultry worker who's been diagnosed with pneumonia and she's regarded as a possible human case (of bird flu) -- they've not excluded her," said Roy Wadia, the WHO's China spokesman.

Posted by dymaxion at 12:56 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird Flu raging in Vietnam

Link: Thanhnien News. Vietnam’s animal health agency said Friday that bird flu had spread to 30 communes in nine provinces and cities where nearly 30,000 fowls died or were culled. The provinces are Bac Lieu and Dong Thap in the...

Posted by dymaxion at 12:54 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Птичий грипп стал ближе к человечеству

... Птичий грипп стал ближе к человечеству Ноябрь 14th, 2005 Штамм H5N1 мутировал, и теперь вирус... гриппа (тип А H5N1). Всего пало и забито 7407 птиц», – сказали в пресс-службе. Вьетнамские ученые, занимающиеся изучением птичьего гриппа, пришли к выводу, что вирус типа H5N1 мутировал в более ...

Тестовый БЛОГ админа Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 12:47 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Hazard in Hunt for New Flu:

"Some experts like Dr. Peter Palese of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York say the A(H5N1) flu viruses are a false alarm. He notes that studies of serum collected in 1992 from people in rural China indicated that millions of people there had antibodies to the A(H5N1) strain. That means they had been infected with an H5N1 bird virus and recovered, apparently without incident.

Posted by dymaxion at 12:42 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

My avian flu policy piece

It is about forty pages, here is the pdf link.  Your comments are welcome, either on the blog or by email (tcowen-at-gmu.edu) and thanks to all of those who extended help.  Here is the Executive Summary:

To combat a possible avian flu pandemic, we should consider the following:

1. The single most important thing we can do for a pandemic—whether avian flu or not—is to have well-prepared local health care systems. We should prepare for pandemics in ways that are politically sustainable and remain useful even if an avian flu pandemic does not occur.

2. Prepare social norms and emergency procedures which would limit or delay the spread of a pandemic. Regular hand washing, and other beneficial public customs, may save more lives than a Tamiflu stockpile.

3. Decentralize our supplies of anti-virals and treat timely distribution as more important than simply creating a stockpile.

4. Institute prizes for effective vaccines and relax liability laws for vaccine makers. Our government has been discouraging what it should be encouraging.

5. Respect intellectual property by buying the relevant drugs and vaccines at fair prices. Confiscating property rights would reduce the incentive for innovation the next time around.

6. Make economic preparations to ensure the continuity of food and power supplies. The relevant “choke points” may include the check clearing system and the use of mass transit to deliver food supply workers to their jobs.

7. Realize that the federal government will be largely powerless in the worst stages of a pandemic and make appropriate local plans.

8. Encourage the formation of prediction markets in an avian flu pandemic. This will give us a better idea of the probability of widespread human-to-human transmission.

9. Provide incentives for Asian countries to improve their surveillance. Tie foreign aid to the receipt of useful information about the progress of avian flu.

10. Reform the World Health Organization and give it greater autonomy from its government funders.

We should not do the following:

1. Tamiflu and vaccine stockpiling have their roles but they should not form the centerpiece of a plan. In addition to the medical limitations of these investments,  institutional factors will restrict our ability to allocate these supplies promptly to their proper uses.

2. We should not rely on quarantines and mass isolations. Both tend to be counterproductive and could spread rather than limit a pandemic.

3. We should not expect the Army or Armed Forces to be part of a useful response plan.

4. We should not expect to choke off a pandemic in its country of origin. Once a pandemic has started abroad, we should shut schools and many public places immediately.

5. We should not obsess over avian flu at the expense of other medical issues. The next pandemic or public health crisis could come from any number of sources. By focusing on local preparedness and decentralized responses, this plan is robust to surprise and will also prove useful for responding to terrorism or natural catastrophes.

Posted by dymaxion at 12:07 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Susilo: Seven Indonesian flu deaths, not five

Via the Jakarta Post: Susilo puts bird flu death toll at 7.

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said on Monday that seven people had died in the country from bird flu, announcing a higher death toll than the World Health Organization, which puts the number of confirmed fatalities at five.

"I have paid special attention to the greater Jakarta area. From what I have gathered there are 11 (positive) sufferers and out of those seven have died," Susilo told a news conference after a cabinet meeting to discuss the deadly virus.


Posted by dymaxion at 12:01 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Novosti: New bird flu outbreak reported in western China

The Russian news agency Novosti says a Hong Kong paper has reported New bird flu outbreak in western China.

A fresh outbreak of bird flu has been registered in China's western Xinjiang-Uighur Autonomous region, a Hong Kong-based newspaper reported Tuesday.

According to Ta Kung Pao, the outbreak was registered November 11, when about 1,400 chickens died in two areas not far from Urumchi, the capital of the province, which has a population of about 19 million people and borders on Russia, and other countries.

other side of China from Liaoning and Hunan. The story notes that this is the tenth avian-flu outbreak in China in the past six weeks.

Posted by dymaxion at 11:57 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird Flu Panic

standardcover.jpgIf you're absolutely, totally convinced that you'll be the only person in your block left alive after the inevitable H5N1 pandemic then don't bother to read this Weekly Standard article by Michael Fumento. His well researched and documented piece puts the fear mongering and scare tactics of the popular media into perspective and should be required study for anyone who is prone to mass hysteria fueled by Breaking News Headlines IN ALL CAPS!.

For the rest of us, Fumento does an excellent job of posing and answering the pertinent questions ("How likely is avian flu to become readily communicable between humans? How contagious would it be? What interventions could be taken if it did become pandemic? How deadly would it be?") as well as providing a historical overview of various recent flu outbreaks and pandemics.

My advice is to take two cups of coffee and read the article. Call or write if you don't feel better almost immediately.

Thanks to Michelle Malkin.

Posted by dymaxion at 11:44 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Fågelviruset har muterat säger mediaJinges Web- och fotoblog

Det är en uppgift som jag tror obetingat på. Detta virus muterar tämligen snabbt och det sker sannolikt fler än en gång per dygn… Men är det över huvud taget en nyhet? Det är svårt att bedöma det för en lekman. Så här skriver DN/TT: ”Forskare i Vietnam säger att fågelinfluensaviruset H5N1 har muterat till en [...]

Posted by dymaxion at 11:34 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

53 Finches Die of Bird Flu In British Quarantine Center

... Fifty-three finches from Taiwan have died at a British quarantine centre because of an outbreak of the most deadly strain of avian flu, the government said. The birds, southeast Asian mesias, also described as finches, died last month of the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 strain ...

Infectious Disease News | Bird Flu News Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 11:24 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Burmese Migrant Worker in Bangkok Suspected Bird Flu Victim

... infected with the H5N1 bird flu virus. More Flu season tempered by bird flu fears CNN - 47 minutes ago concern. The H5N1 strain of the avian flu has infected 126 people and killed 64 since 2003, according to the World Health Organization. Akzo Nobel developing human H5N1 vaccine Medical News ...

H5n1 Pandemic Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 11:22 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

China to vaccinate 14bn poultry - BBC News



Malaysia Star
China to vaccinate 14bn poultry
BBC News, UK - 1 hour ago
... cases are being investigated. The H5N1 strain of bird flu has killed more than 60 people in South East Asia since 2003. Mr Jia made ...
China vows flu vaccinations for billions of birds Reuters AlertNet
China tries to vaccinate all its poultry as bird flu spreads ... Forbes
More bird flu found in eastern China Monsters and Critics.com
Sify - Shanghai Daily - all 51 related

Posted by dymaxion at 11:19 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

H5N1 suspect shows negative - Nhan Dan



Nhan Dan
H5N1 suspect shows negative
Nhan Dan, Vietnam - 6 hours ago
The test of a student in Hanoi suspected of contracting H5N1 virus gave negative result, said the Central Epidemic Hygiene Hospital. ...
Student suspected of contracting H5N1 Nhan Dan
all 2 related

Posted by dymaxion at 11:17 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

November 14, 2005

The politics of pandemics in history

Here is yesterday's feature article from The Boston Globe.  In the nineteenth century, the debate was between "miasmatism" and "contagionism."

Posted by dymaxion at 01:27 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Chinese rumor of bird flu found in pigs

I cannot confirm this report:

Bird-flu virus has been found in pigs bred in China's Hunan province, which means the virus could be closer to infecting humans on a large scale, reports said yesterday.  Ming Pao Daily News quoted an interview on China's Phoenix Satellite TV in which a deputy agricultural minister in Hunan said that bird-flu virus had been found in pigs for the first time.  A spokesman from the farm ministry said officials had not gathered enough information to disclose further details.

That is from today's Washington Times, p.A17.  Do leave more information in the comments if you have it.

Posted by dymaxion at 01:26 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Definitive Briefing Document re Medical aspects of Bird Flu

Link: 1374.pdf (application/pdf Object). This is a very detailed over view of Bird Flu deaths to date and factors related to the possible pandemic. It comes form the World Health Organisation...

Posted by dymaxion at 01:25 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

New Scientist News - The bioweapon is in the post

 
New Scientist News - The bioweapon is in the post (info)
http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=mg18825252.900
"YOU might think it would be difficult for a terrorist to obtain genes from the smallpox virus, or a similarly vicious pathogen. Well, it's not. Armed with a fake email address, a would-be bioterrorist could probably order the building blocks of a deadly biological weapon online, and receive them by post within weeks."
Posted by Declan to AvianFlu email Bioweapons on Sun Nov 13 2005 at 16:05 UTC

Posted by dymaxion at 01:24 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

H5N1 in poultry breaks out in Hubei province

Bloomberg reports first outbreak of H5N1 among poultry in Hubei province.

China reported an outbreak of avian influenza after 2,500 poultry died in the central province of Hubei, the Ministry of Agriculture said today on its Web site.

The new outbreak of bird flu, the first in Hubei, is in two townships in the Jingshan county, the ministry said in a statement. China has reported four bird flu outbreaks in the northeastern province of Liaoning and one in Inner Mongolia this month.

The outbreak in Hubei province was found on Nov. 2, the statement said. China's National Avian Flu Reference Laboratory confirmed on Nov. 11 that the domestic fowl were infected with the H5N1 virus. Local authorities have culled 31,313 poultry within a 3-kilometer (1.9-mile) radius to control the spread of the disease.

ce is in central China. Jingshan is some 150 km west of Wuhan, one of Hubei's major industrial cities.

Posted by dymaxion at 01:20 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Vietnam: H5N1 in 9 provinces

Here in its entirety is a story from Vietnam's Thanh Nien Daily:

Vietnam's animal health agency said Friday that bird flu had spread to 30 communes in nine provinces and cities where nearly 30,000 fowls died or were culled.

The provinces are Bac Lieu and Dong Thap in the south, Thanh Hoa in the center, Bac Giang, Quang Nam, Hai Duong, Hung Yen, and Ninh Binh in the north, besides the capital Hanoi.

Two hundred fighting cocks belonging to a family in Quang Nam died Thursday of suspected bird flu.

The province's Department of Animal Health culled 1,500 chickens later the same day.

fighting cocks? In one family?

Posted by dymaxion at 01:19 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

The cost of culling

Xinhua has an excellent article on the cost of culling poultry as China battles avian flu.

Culling poultry for bird flu prevention has proven a double-edged sword. While it could help curb the rampage of the deadly virus, it has had a huge impact upon farmers' incomes. This was a big concern for Vice-Minister of Agriculture Yin Chengjie, who said slaughtering poultry has brought huge losses to farmers.

He told a seminar on Friday in Beijing the government has compensated farmers 10 yuan (US$1.2) for each bird killed, but "it cannot make up for the huge losses for farmers, as in some provinces, nearly half of their income derived from poultry rearing."

Last year, per capita net income of Chinese farmers reached 2,936 yuan (US$362), up 6.8 per cent year on year the highest increase rate since 1997.

ttention to that last paragraph: It means the average Chinese farmer is living on about one US dollar a day. A chicken sold in the open market would presumably earn more than $1.20, so government compensation isn't enough.

And that in turn means Chinese farmers are really in trouble. People won't buy their chickens, the government won't pay them enough, so they aren't going to have the money they need to feed their kids—unless they feed them chicken.

When hundreds of millions of farmers are living on a dollar a day, and they can't even make that dollar, China is in big trouble even if H5N1 never goes human-to-human. And if China is in big trouble, we are all in big trouble.

Posted by dymaxion at 01:19 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

APEC expected to make pandemic a priority

Via canada.com: APEC leaders will cooperate on fighting bird flu.

Fears that recent bird flu outbreaks in Asia and Europe could trigger a global human pandemic have pushed the issue of health security high onto the agenda of the 21-member Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation forum, whose leaders will hold their annual summit later this week.

A statement expected to be adopted by foreign ministers on Wednesday notes "the threat that the highly pathogenic avian influenza posed to the APEC region as well as to the world," according to a draft obtained by The Associated Press.


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Avian flu and the haj

A thoughtful article from Riyadh, in Saudi Arabia, raises issues about Bird Flu and the Haj.

We in the Kingdom have a real problem because Haj is on our doorstep. From the beginning of November, we will be receiving pilgrims. This Haj season happens to coincide with the season when birds migrate and also with the winter flu season. The usual cases of winter flu could somehow become linked to bird flu and the results could be catastrophic.

Our borders will be open for all pilgrims to enter— many of them from areas where bird flu has appeared. It is also common for pilgrims to bring birds with them to sell when they come to the Kingdom. It is very important to take all necessary precautions. We should set up a higher administration that involves all government bodies that are related to Haj and the environment and the monitoring of bird flu. We need to establish advanced medical centers very quickly in order to monitor bird flu. The next war is going to be against viruses.


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Vietnam: Two new cases suspected

Radio Australia reports that Vietnam raises fresh concerns about bird flu as new cases suspected.

Bird flu may have infected two more people in Vietnam, where scientists say it has mutated into a more dangerous form which could spread in mammals, and cause outbreaks in poultry. State newspapers report a student was being tested in hospital after eating chicken eggs.

Samples from a 78-year-old woman who died from serious pneumonia in the central province of Quang Binh on Friday, are also being tested.


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Influenza A H5N1 Avian Flu

Human-to-human transmission of influenza A (H5N1) has been suggested in several household clusters16 and in one case of ... There have already been a couple of cases of deaths from H5N1 where the only logical pathway is human-to-human. ...

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November 12 Flu Update--Tamiflu side effects in Japan?

Although media reports have suggested that H5N1 control is hampered by use of ... Clearly H5N1 is rapidly evolving and previous control efforts are failing. ... H5N1 is rapidly changing in many regions, and the exploding geographical ...

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Woman health - Jakarta says local tests show woman died of bird flu

Jakarta says local tests show woman died of bird flu  AlertNet - 1 hour, 30 minutes ago JAKARTA, Nov 14 (Reuters) - Indonesian tests on a 20-year-old woman who died at the weekend show she had the H5N1 strain of bird flu, ...

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Bird flu detected in Japan, believed to be not H5N1 strain that ... - Pravda



Coos Bay World
Bird flu detected in Japan, believed to be not H5N1 strain that ...
Pravda, Russia - 2 hours ago
Authorities have detected bird flu at a poultry farm in northern Japan but don't suspect it to be the deadly H5N1 strain that has killed at least 64 people and ...
Saudi Arabia Hosts Int'l Conf. on Bird Flu Islam Online
Summary box: Poultry industry says it's prepared for bird flu Miami Herald
Bird flu in two Kuwait birds a far weaker strain News-Medical.net
People's Daily Online - Arab News - all 168 related

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Student suspected of contracting H5N1 - Nhan Dan


Student suspected of contracting H5N1
Nhan Dan, Vietnam - 7 hours ago
... for tests. The new outbreaks of bird flu killed two Vietnamese people, one of whom contracted H5N1 and the other contracted H3N0.

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Rapid Flu Test Helps Target Avian FluMedical News Today RSS/XML Feed

A rapid test for the detection of influenza type A and B viruses is now available from Oxoid Limited. The Xpect™ Flu A & B test not only detects infuenza A and B viruses from clinical samples within 15 minutes, but it also distinguishes between these two virus types. Distinguishing between influenza types A and B helps virologists to target investigations for the H5N1 strain (a type A virus), which is responsible for the avian flu epidemic that is currently sweeping through poultry and wild bird populations in many Asian countries1,2... click link for more info.

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是爱 促使呼吸频繁

... 少年剑客 据说你又开始行刺 你在一条小道上止住 随手血洒了身后的土地 以前你是那么孤独 你从来从来都不说话 只伸手去摸剑鞘里的语言 图书馆出来,已经是六点了,呵呵。一条黑颜色皮肤松弛的狗向我迎面而来,它的鼻子眼睛耳朵甚至是尾巴发出疑惑的光芒,我识趣地绕开。禽流感啊。H5N1亚型高致病性禽流感啊。一想到这些词汇,腿上的毛孔紧张得微微张开。今天是海霞同学的生日,友好的发了条短信祝福。荷英还在厦门流连往返呢,丫头明天就回来了,应该带有特产回来,因为我特别嘱咐过她。其实也并不清楚她为什么去厦门,玩吧。开心些。对于周期性势场单电子的薛定谔方程本征函数是按布拉维格子周期性调幅的平面波 ...

小夏天 心口旁兑现 Technorati this

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Bangkok toddler confirmed as bird flu victim

A Bangkok toddler has tested positive for bird flu, a senior official said on Saturday, the first human case in the Thai capital since a fresh flare-up of the deadly disease a month ago. The one-year-old boy probably contracted the H5N1 virus from playing around chickens at his home which later died of the virus, said Paijit Warachit, director-general of the Department of Medical Science. His grandmother was under surveillance. From Reuters .

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Bird flu 10 times worse for lungs than regular flu

Scientists say the H5N1 Bird Flu strain is ten times more powerful at inducing inflammation in the lungs than the normal human flu virus - this is why it is so deadly to humans. The inflammation is so fast that it causes serious destruction of the cells that line the lungs. 50% of humans infected with this bird flu strain die. Source . Here is another article in today's press reminding us that bird flu often kills by causing an overreaction of the immune system.

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reformatorisch dagblad - internet editie

BANGKOK (ANP/RTR) Een baby in de Thaise hoofdstad Bangkok is besmet met het dodelijk vogelgriepvirus H5N1. Dat hebben de medische autoriteiten in Bangkok zaterdag bevestigd. Het jongetje van een jaar oud zou de ziekte hebben opgelopen omdat hij bij zijn huis tussen besmette kippen had gespeeld. In Thailand zijn sinds een grote uitbraak van de vogelgriep in 2003 13 mensen overleden aan de ziekte. Het zieke kind in Bangkok is de eerste besmetting in de Thaise hoofdstad van de afgelopen maanden.

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China-Three Suspected Bird Flu Cases

China has requested help in determining if three cases of the Flu are of the H5N1 strain 2. Indonesia-new death confirmed Read Story

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berlingske tidende - fugleinfluenzaen h5n1 muterer og bliver farligere

Berlingske E-avis L?s den trykte avis som du kender den. Lagt p? www.berlingske.dk s?ndag den 13. november 2005 kl. 12:53 Vietnamesiske videnskabsfolk meddelte s ndag, at fugleinfluenzaen H5N1 er... sagde s ndag, at fugleinfluenzaen H5N1 er muteret til en mere farlig form, som mere effektiv kan... en markant farligere form. Cao Bao Van siger, at unders gelsen ikke viser, om H5N1's evne til... resistent over for influenzavacciner. Vietnam er det land, der er h rdest ramt af H5N1. Hidtil er 92

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vietnam’da ku? gribi yay??l??yor

Vietnam'da ku? gribinin iki eyalete daha s??rad??? bildirildi. Bu arada, Vietnaml? bilimadamlar?, ku? gribinin ?ld?r?c? H5N1 tipi vir?s?n?n de?i?ime u?rayarak daha tehlikeli bir tipinin ortaya ??kt???n? belirlediler. HANO? - Vietnam'da ku? gribi iki eyalete daha s??rad?. Ulusal Hayvan Sa?l... ba??nda ?lmeye ba?lad??? ve ge?en cuma g?n? yap?lan testlerin, ?len hayvanlar?n H5N1 vir?s? ta??d... edildi. V?R?S?N DAHA TEHL?KEL? T?P? Bu aradaVietnaml? bilimadamlar?, ku? gribinin ?ld?r?c? H5N1

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indonesia says local tests show youth has bird flu - boston.com

JAKARTA (Reuters) - Indonesian tests on a 16-year-old youth show he is suffering from the H5N1 bird flu virus, but the results have to be confirmed by a laboratory in Hong Kong, a hospital spokesman... been confirmed to have contracted the virus but have survived. The highly pathogenic H5N1 strain is endemic in poultry in Asia, where it is known to have killed 64 people. Experts fear H5N1 could... are still waiting for confirmation from Hong Kong. The H5N1 virus has also been found in birds

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Pasteur Institute: Bird Flu Virus in Vietnam has Mutated - More Virulent

HANOI (Xinhuanet) Vietnam s Ho Chi Minh City Pasteur Institute has found that the bird flu virus strain H5N1 in the country has mutated to make it more dangerous, local newspaper Youth reported... segments of bird flu virus type A subtype H5N1 in Vietnam in early 2005, which indicates that the virus... of Amantadine and Rimantadine. Therefore, it is necessary to keep close surveillance on H5N1..., warning that people will be likely to have to face the human-to-human transmission of H5N1. E6:12

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H5N1 Avian Flu Causes Dangerous Cytokine Storm

and evolution. Scientists might have identified one of the reasons why the bird flu virus H5N1 is so... caused by H5N1 in humans, which can escalate into life-threatening pneumonia and acute respiratory...', induced by the virus H5N1 in human lung cells, in vitro. The authors compared protein levels induced by strains of the H5N1 virus that had appeared in Hong Kong in 1997 (H5N1/97) and Vietnam in 2004 (H5N1/04), with levels induced by the human flu virus H1N1. Their results show that H5N1 is a much

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Bird Flu Reaches Middle East

The Chinese government says the spread of the deadly H5N1 bird flu in one of its provinces is not under control and has warned of a potential disaster there. There have been three fresh outbreaks of the avian virus in the north-eastern province of Liaoning in 24 hours, and a new suspected human infection. And the Middle East has now seen its first definite case of H5N1 bird flu. The authorities in Kuwait have confirmed that a migratory flamingo found on a beach died of the lethal strain

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Avian Flu Update X

H5N1 is reported in pigs in China . Zoology experts at Hunan Agriculture University say that since pig genes are similar to human genes, and that viruses of many animals can live and mutate in pigs, it becomes dangerous for humans once the virus has been found its way to pigs. Therefore..., said the deadly H5N1 influenza virus had mutated into a more dangerous form that could breed more... being prepared may have a political price, but not being prepared would be lethal if H5N1 mutates

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excite italia - news - aviaria: una morte sospetta in indonesia

(ANSA) - GIAKARTA, 13 NOV - Una ragazza indonesiana di 20 anni e' morta in un ospedale di Giakarta con sintomi che riconducono all'influenza aviaria. L'ipotesi potra' essere confermata solo dopo i test di laboratorio. Lo ha reso noto il portavoce dell'ospedale rilevando che 'tutte le indicazioni' portano a pensare che la ragazza sia morta per aver contratto il virus H5N1. Finora i casi sospetti in Indonesia sono una dozzina mentre solo 5 quelli attribuiti ufficialmente dall'OMS all'influenza

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November 10, 2005

Geneva conference

Read the latest press release from the Geneva conference on bird flu.

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New flu strain in Vietnam?

Vietnam, the country worst hit by bird flu, will send soldiers and police to help contain the spread of the virus as more outbreaks erupt and the sudden death of ducks in two provinces hints at a more virulent strain.

[...] The urgency was reinforced by Veterinary Institute head Truong Van Dung, who told a government meeting that bird flu may have become more virulent.

He cited the death within three to four hours of a flock of ducks in Bac Giang province. Even though none showed symptoms of the virus while alive, all 15 samples taken after their deaths were positive for the H5N1 strain of bird flu.

Dung could not be reached for further comment and there was no proof that H5N1 had become more virulent, but many ducks also died quickly in a field in Hai Duong province, the Nong Nghiep Vietnam newspaper said.

Source.

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France's Sanofi-Aventis to produce H5N1 vaccine - Xinhua


France's Sanofi-Aventis to produce H5N1 vaccine
Xinhua, China - 54 minutes ago
... pharmaceutical group announced Thursday that it has signed a deal with French Health Ministry to produce prototype vaccine for humans to treat H5N1 virus. ...
France's Sanofi-Aventis to produce H5N1 vaccine TODAYonline
Sanofi to provide France with bird flu vaccine International Herald Tribune
Sanofi signs French deal for bird flu vaccine Reuters
Reuters - Biotech Intelligence (press release) - all 12 related

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Bird flu spreads further in Asia - Reuters.uk



Malaysia Star
Bird flu spreads further in Asia
Reuters.uk, UK - 3 hours ago
... China, Vietnam and Thailand said they had more outbreaks as the region heads into the northern winter, when the H5N1 avian flu virus seems to thrive. ...
Three nations report new bird flu outbreaks NEWS.com.au
Vietnam to send army, police to fight bird flu Reuters.uk
Vietnam to send army, police to fight bird flu Malaysia Star
Reuters AlertNet - all 133 related

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Scramble for Tamiflu, scientists work on vaccine - Asia Times Online



Washington Post
Scramble for Tamiflu, scientists work on vaccine
Asia Times Online, Hong Kong - 1 hour ago
... Since autumn this year, the H5N1 bird flu strain has been reported in Central China's Hunan province, east China's Anhui province and the Inner Mongolia ...
Manufacturers crank out Tamiflu at a fever pitch San Francisco Chronicle
More bird flu in China as cost estimates soar Ireland Online
Bird flu on the wing People's Weekly World
Bloomberg - Monsters and Critics.com - all 462 related

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Saudis deny avian flu outbreak

Via Arab News, the Saudi Ministry of Agriculture Denies Bird Flu Outbreak.

Muhammad Al-Sheiha, assistant deputy minister for animal resources, said that the report in Al-Riyadh Arabic daily of poultry deaths from bird flu in Surat Obaida in southern Asir were "totally baseless."

"Veterinarians have ruled out that the poultry died of bird flu; they had no symptoms of the disease," he said.


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Growing transparency in China?

Not only is the Chinese premier touring the flu scene (see post below), but China Daily is also quoting from the Beijing Youth Daily on the need for transparency and open reporting if avian flu is to be stopped: Bird flu must be reported.

The Ministry of Health has issued an open warning by saying there is a chance bird flu could spread between human beings.

This demonstrates the power of a responsible government faced by a natural disaster.

With an increasing number of bird flu cases being reported throughout the world, there is no reason for us not to be on high alert.

Facing a possible outbreak of bird flu, the public has the right to be informed about the virus, given that information transparency serves as the key to conquering the disease.


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China Quarantines 116 People After Two New Bird Flu Outbreaks in Northeast ProvinceKeralaNext:

SHANGHAI, China - Authorities in China said Thursday they have quarantined 116 people in northeastern Liaoning province after two new outbreaks of bird flu there. The province has now suffered three outbreaks in less than three weeks despite a massive campaign to contain the virus. Kuwait reported the first two cases of bird flu in the Gulf region but said it would not do the tests to determine whether they were caused by the deadly and virulent H5N1 strain. China did not make clear the extent to which the 116 people in Liaoning were being isolated. The country has imposed quarantines in other bird-flu afflicted areas but in at least one case residents were restricted only from leaving their village.

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World Health Officals Agree on Bird Flu Urgent Action Plan - Environment News ServiceGoogle News Australia



RTE Interactive
World Health Officals Agree on Bird Flu Urgent Action Plan
Environment News Service -
GENEVA, Switzerland, November 10, 2005 (ENS) - Health officials from more than 100 nations have outlined the key elements of an urgent $1.35 billion global action plan to control the H5N1 avian influenza virus which is now circulating in animals in Asia ...
Health Experts Agree on Plan to Combat Flu Pandemic Voice of America
Fighting bird flu to cost up to $1bn Mail & Guardian Online
People's Daily Online - Reuters.uk - Canada.com - Japan Today - all 596 related

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Fugleinfluenza i ItalienDR's RSS Feed

Italiens sundhedsministerium oplyser, at første tilfælde af fugleinfluenza er konstateret i en vildand i den norditalienske by Padua. Der er tale om den farlige variant H5N1.

Posted by dymaxion at 03:54 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird flu efforts could cost $1 billionHealth & Science - International Herald Tribune

The World Bank said Wednesday that up to $1 billion would be needed over the next three years to fund a global strategy to tackle the spread of the H5N1 bird flu.

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Pandemic Flu: Lawmakers Question $7.1B Emergency Spending Request

of an experimental vaccine against the H5N1 avian flu virus. In addition, the plan earmarks $1 billion to purchase antiviral medications, including Tamiflu and Relenza, and $583

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Kuwait reports two cases of birds with avian flu

ry bird, was found in southeast coastal part of the country where Kuwaitis maintain weekend residences. He said farms were all being monitored for the deadly H5N1 avian flu strain.

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Major database on flu virus genetics runs out of cash

... the H5N1 virus has killed more than 60 people might be unable to afford the proposed fee of US$10,000 ...

Arizona's BioTech News Update Technorati this

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Primer caso de gripe aviar en Italia

... Las autoridades italianas han confirmado la presencia del virus H5N1 en un pato salvaje en la... encontrado una sola muestra (pato salvaje) positiva al virus H5N1", según una nota ministerial. La... las aves. A su juicio, fueron estas aves quienes trajeron la cepa H5N1 a las puertas de Europa, y en ...

Gripe aviar Technorati this

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ITALIAN health ministry confirms first case of H5N1 virus

... Forbes - USA ‘In the context of the follow-up plan (concerning migratory birds), put in place by the health ministry, the national reference centre ...

Toned.org Technorati this

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edicom: news - br??ves on-line

SHANGHAI (AP) - La Chine a signal deux nouveaux foyers d' mie de grippe aviaire dans des levages de volailles dans la province du Liaoning (nord-ouest du pays), portant six le nombre de foyers d s au cours du dernier mois. La pr sence de la souche mortelle H5N1 de la maladie a signal e dimanche et confirm e mercredi dans les villes de Jinzhou et de Fuxin, selon un rapport du minist re chinois... rapport. La Chine n'a pour l'instant rapport aucun cas d'infection humaine au H5N1, qui a d tu au

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china gibt neue vogelgrippe-f??lle bekannt - lübecker nachrichten

Peking (dpa) - Die chinesische Regierung hat das Auftreten des gef?hrlichen Vogelgrippevirus H5N1 in zwei Regionen im Nordosten des Landes best?tigt. Rund 1100 H?hner seien dort an der Krankheit verendet, teilte das Agrarministerium mit. Vorsorglich seien 500?000 V?gel vernichtet worden. Damit sind in China insgesamt sechs Ausbr?che der Vogelgrippe bekannt geworden. Inzwischen hat Kuwait als erster Golfstaat Vogelgrippe-F?lle gemeldet. Noch ist unklar, mit welchem Erreger sich die zwei

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reformatorisch dagblad - internet editie

ROME (ANP/AFP) Het eerste geval van de H5N1 variant van vogelgriep is donderdag vastgesteld in Itali . Dat meldde het Italiaanse ministerie van Volksgezondheid. Het virus werd aangetroffen bij een wilde eend, die werd gevangen bij de noordelijke stad Padua. Volgens het ministerie gaat het om een zogenoemde laag pathogene variant van de ziekte, die niet gevaarlijk is voor de volksgezondheid.

Posted by dymaxion at 03:40 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

poor countries' needs on bird flu outlined

international meeting. About $500 million will be required to fight the H5N1 influenza strain... antiviral drugs and an experimental H5N1 vaccine. Track the latest developments in the spread of the deadly H5N1 influenza virus. The Bush administration last week proposed a $7.1 billion pandemic flu..., where the H5N1 strain has circulated for about two years. The U.S. government has already spent... and chickens together. Unlike chickens, many ducks survive H5N1 infection and excrete the virus

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excite italia - news - aviaria: test bassa patogenicita'

(ANSA)-ROMA, 10 nov- E' un virus a bassa patogenicita' quello identificato dal centro di referenza per l'influenza aviaria di Padova su di un' anatra selvatica. Lo afferma il professor Donato Greco, direttore del Centro per il controllo delle malattie del Ministero della salute.'Anche se gli antigeni esterni del virus H5N1 sono uguali a quelli patogeni - ha aggiunto Greco - ci sono differenze genomiche molto importanti, che lo fanno divergere profondamente dal ceppo aggressivo per l'uomo'.

Posted by dymaxion at 03:39 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

China reports 2 new avian flu cases - Reuters

China on Thursday reported two new incidents of avian flu among chickens in its northeastern province of Liaoning , bringing the total number of reported outbreaks in the past month to six. The discovery of the virulent H5N1 virus in Liaoning's cities of Jinzhou and Fuxin was made Sunday and confirmed Wednesday, according to a report by the Agriculture Ministry posted on the Web site of the World Organization for Animal Health .

Posted by dymaxion at 03:39 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

u.s. seeks way to boost bird-flu vaccine - earthlink - u.s. news

million worth of vaccine against the virulent H5N1 bird flu, the strain that has killed at least 63 people in Southeast Asia since 2003. The U.S. government hopes eventually to stockpile enough H5N1 vaccine for 20 million people. But a major barrier is that it requires two huge doses of the H5N1 vaccine... the adjuvant to the H5N1 vaccine will lower its required dose, he said. Copyright 2005 Associated Press

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cidrap >> vietnam reports another victim of avian flu

of H5N1 avian influenza, while the number of suspected cases in Indonesia continued to grow, news services reported today. Samples taken from the man were positive for the H5N1 virus, according to tests... Organization (WHO), his case will bring the number of confirmed H5N1 cases in Vietnam to 92. In addition, doctors in Vietnam said they suspected H5N1 killed a 68-year-old man from Quang Tri province... girl who died in a Jakarta hospital on Nov 6 is suspected of having had H5N1 infection, according to an

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bird flu med from plant extract: hypercine

In Beijing, a scientist has developed a treatment for bird flu called hypercine, extracted from a plant in the Hypericaceae family. In tests on infected birds, the substance completely eliminated H5N1. Tests on rats will begin soon. Because the extract is a mix of chemicals instead of a single molecule, resistance is expected if hypercine comes under scrutiny from the FDA.

Posted by dymaxion at 03:35 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

November 08, 2005

WHO experts on amantadine, rimantadine

The World Health Organization is mulling evidence that it may be possible to combat some strains of bird flu with a class of antiviral drugs that are more plentiful and less expensive than Tamiflu, according to two people familiar with the matter.

The evidence, which these people cautioned was preliminary because it has been identified in a limited number of virus samples, has prompted WHO experts to take a fresh look at the two drugs, amantadine and rimantadine. Until now, scientists thought those drugs, used for years to treat seasonal influenza, were ineffective against the H5N1 avian-flu virus, which they said had developed a resistance to those types of antivirals.

The evidence was reported to WHO by scientists who have been studying the genetic sequence of the virus circulating in China, Indonesia and perhaps other countries. China's chief veterinarian suggested similar findings to reporters recently. The findings, based on lab studies, haven't been clinically tested.

[...] WHO said it has no plans to change its recommendation that governments stockpile Tamiflu, the antiviral made by Swiss pharmaceutical giant Roche Holding AG that has become the centerpiece of nearly all national preparedness plans. Both amantadine and rimantadine are made by several companies. Forest Laboratories Inc., in New York, makes a branded version of rimantadine, and Alpharma Inc., in Fort Lee, N.J., makes a version of amantadine.

[...] Part of the difficulty faced by WHO disease experts in recommending use of the other antivirals is that it might be difficult, if not impossible, to tell whether a patient was infected with a strain of the virus that was susceptible to the lesser-known class of drugs. Tamiflu, whose generic name is oseltamivir, has been shown to be effective against nearly all strains of the virus. The lesser-known antivirals may be effective only against certain strains found in China and Indonesia.

Source. Roche announced today it plans to increase production of Tamiflu to some 300 million doses/year by the end of 2006.

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Roche transfers Tamiflu stockpile to government in China

The Chinese arm of Roche Holding AG said in a statement Tuesday that Tamiflu supplies are "now being transferred to China's Ministry of Health for centralized allocation and distribution." In the event of a possible human flu pandemic, Roche said, "the government is in the best position to handle rapid response and distribution" of Tamiflu, one of the few drugs believed to be effective against bird flu.

China hasn't reported any infections in humans with the virulent H5N1 strain of the virus, which has killed at least 62 people elsewhere in Asia. But health officials say a case is inevitable if China can't stop repeated outbreaks in poultry.

Chinese Health Minister Gao Qiang ordered local officials to step up efforts to prevent human infections and preparations to treat possible cases, the official Xinhua News Agency said. In a nationwide video conference, Mr. Gao told officials "to strengthen work at three key links, namely monitoring, control and treatment," Xinhua said. Mr. Gao ordered local health departments to share information and, in the event of a human infection, to use traditional Chinese medications, the report said. It didn't give any other details.

From the WSJ. The same article provides some details on the latest human death in Vietnam:

In Hanoi, meanwhile, an official in Vietnam's Health Ministry said the nation had confirmed its 42nd human death from bird flu. The 35-year-old man, who died at a Hanoi hospital on Oct. 29, tested positive for the H5N1 strain, said Nguyen Van Binh, deputy director of the Preventive Medicine Department under the Ministry of Health.

Mr. Binh said the man was admitted to the hospital on Oct. 26, four days after his family bought a prepared chicken from a market near his house in the Dong Da District of Hanoi. Other family members didn't show any symptoms of bird flu, he added.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:58 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird flu scare isolates six [05nov05]

Link: Herald Sun. SIX travellers with bird-flu like symptoms have been rushed to Melbourne hospitals and isolated from other patients in the past month. Ambulance officers and hospital staff donned full protective clothing to treat all the suspected cases of...

Posted by dymaxion at 10:57 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Extended Familial Cluster of Suspected H5N1 in Jakarta

Link: Extended Familial Cluster of Suspected H5N1 in Jakarta. The above comments further demonstrate that the familial clusters in Indonesia are extended, and coverage in the media is minimal. Today wire service reports mention the children, but fail to mention...

Posted by dymaxion at 10:56 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

China closes all Beijing poultry markets

 
China closes all Beijing poultry markets (info)
http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D8DNKHK80.htm?campaign_id=apn_ home_down&chan=db
Posted by Declan to China AvianFlu on Mon Nov 07 2005 at 13:32 UTC

Posted by dymaxion at 10:55 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

The changing ecology of avian flu

 
The changing ecology of avian flu (info)
Erica Weir
Canadian Medical Association Journal 173 (8), 869-70 (11 Oct 2005)
Posted by Declan to AvianFlu papers on Tue Nov 08 2005 at 10:45 UTC

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WSJ.com - As Industry Profits Elsewhere, U.S. Lacks Vaccines, Antibiotics

 
WSJ.com - As Industry Profits Elsewhere, U.S. Lacks Vaccines, Antibiotics (info)
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB113141787830190837.html?mod=home_page_one_u s
"How is it that the U.S., known for its prowess in producing lifesaving drugs and boasting an industry with a stock-market value in the hundreds of billions of dollars, doesn't have the medicine necessary to protect itself from these public-health threats?"

Posted by dymaxion at 10:54 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird Flu and the Gold Price

"It is only a matter of time before an avian flu virus - most likely H5N1 - acquires the ability to be transmitted from human to human, sparking the outbreak of human pandemic influenza" said the WHO's director general, Lee Jong-wook ...

Posted by dymaxion at 10:45 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Indonesian boy is 9th avian flu patient

Xinhua reports that Ilham Junaidi, an 8-year-old boy, has been declared H5N1 positive. His 19-year-old sister Ina Sholati died of avian flu last week.

A spokesperson for the Sulianto Saroso Hospital asserted that the boy did not get the disease from his sister.

I am so far unable to confirm the CBC claim from this morning that a sixth Indonesian has died of avian flu.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:39 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

WSJ on the Hunan cases

The Wall Street Journal is making its entire online content free this week, so you might as well read its account of the Hunan cases: China Seeks WHO Aid On Bird-Flu Tests. The story also mentions cases in Indonesia and Japan.

The striking aspect of the Hunan story (which is being covered all over the world) is the reversal of the Chinese government's position. It almost feels like the result of a backstage power struggle, with victory going to a faction supporting transparency on the H5N1 issue. If so, we may hear much more from China in the next few weeks. Even if it's not good news, it will be welcome.

You can also review all the recent WSJ flu coverage here.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:39 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Influenza pandemics: the GP's role

This is one of the most important documents I've posted here—an article in the British Medical Journal on how general practitioners should prepare for Influenza pandemics and avian flu.

It is important that general practitioners take the recent threat of a flu pandemic seriously. In the United Kingdom, the contingency plan for flu pandemic published by the Department of Health is essential reading.

The plan includes provision to strengthen healthcare capacity in primary care, but if a pandemic does occur, general practice is likely to carry the major burden of disease management in the community, and it is unrealistic to think that it will be contained in routine office hours. Pandemics causing severe illness occurred in 1919, 1957, and 1969. These pandemics undoubtedly pressurised the health services, but the country did not come to a halt.

Medical and non-medical staff in practices should meet formally to consider the implications of running the practice. These meetings should be minuted so that the practice can prepare a document outlining its contingency plans. You need to consider how to advise patients, target those at risk, cope with demand, and continue giving routine care.


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Photos of H5N1

The Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter is running an exclusive: First photos of the H5N1 virus, taken by Lennart Nilsson. For an English explanation, see The Local: Sweden's News in English, where I first heard of the story.

And thanks to Finn Jensen (see comment) for providing me with the correct link!

Posted by dymaxion at 10:35 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

A 5'-nuclease real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection of a broad range of influenza A subtypes, including H5N1.

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خوشا بحال گياهان كه عاشق نورند...

... و H7 هستند. ويروسی که هم اکنون باعث نگرانی شده است نوع کشنده H5N1 است. حتی در داخل گونه H5N1 نيز... است که کشف گونه H5N1 در پرندگان در ترکيه و رومانی مايه نگرانی شده است. در پاکستان مواردی از ويروس... می توان مانع ورود آنفلوانزای مرغی به يک کشور شد؟ درپی کشف ويروس H5N1 در ترکيه و رومانی و اکنون در ...

خوشا بحال گياهان كه عاشق نورند... Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 10:32 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

禽流感病毒攻击健康细胞照片曝光(附图)

... IMG 照片中的蓝色部分就是H5N1禽流感病毒,下面的红色部分则是健康人体细胞,照片显示H5N1禽流感病毒正在攻击健康的细胞。   已经造成63人死亡并危及全球上亿人性命的H5N1型禽流感病毒到底是什么模样?当地时间11月6日,瑞典《每日新闻报》刊登出一组由高倍电子扫描显微镜拍摄的H5N1型禽流感病毒高解析特写照片。照片上一串蓝色小球正在攻击、破坏健康的红色细胞。该报声称这组照片乃全球独家首发...。最终,尼尔松从世界卫生组织取得病毒样本,把样本带到斯德哥尔摩的卡罗琳医学院培育。病毒样本源自两年前死于禽流感的一对中国香港父女。照片中蓝色的部分,就是人人闻之色变的H5N1禽流感病毒,下面的红色部分则是健康的细胞 ...

仙境小筑 Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 10:31 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

repubblica.it news

La Cina teme il primo decesso di una persona per influenza aviaria sul suo territorio. Le autorita' di Pechino hanno ordinato accertamenti sui resti di una ragazzina di 12 anni morta in ottobre in un'area in cui e' stato registrato un focolaio dell'infezione. Secondo quanto riporta l'agenzia Xinhua, gli esperti "non possono escludere la possibilita' che il virus H5N1 si sia trasmesso agli uomini", ma attendono i risultati delle prove di laboratorio per le quali Pechino ha chiesto l'aiuto

Posted by dymaxion at 10:31 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

erstmals verdacht auf menschliche infektion mit vogelgrippe in china - lübecker nachrichten

Peking (dpa) - China hat erstmals den Verdacht ge?u?ert, dass sich drei Menschen durch die Vogelgrippe infiziert haben k?nnten. Nach dem Tod einer Zw?lfj?hrigen bat Peking die Weltgesundheitsorganisation um Mithilfe bei den Untersuchungen. Das berichtet die amtliche Nachrichtenagentur Xinhua. Bislang hatte China vehement bestritten, dass das M?dchen sich mit dem Virus H5N1 infiziert habe. Eine menschliche Infektion kann laut Gesundheitsministerium nicht ausgeschlossen werden. Es w?re der erste

Posted by dymaxion at 10:30 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

The latest from China

China has culled 6 million birds in a northeastern region of China hit by the country's fourth outbreak of avian flu in a month, state media said on Monday. All poultry within a 3-km (2-mile) radius of the site in Liaoning province where the deadly H5N1 virus was found last week had been killed, Xinhua news agency said. [...] Authorities had placed 192 people in the area, one of whom has acute bronchitis, under medical observation, the China Daily said, citing the health

Posted by dymaxion at 10:27 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Back 'n' forth about evolution of virulence and avian flu

There s been some interesting discussion over on SciAm Observations about the evolution of infectious diseases, and notably, influenza. It all started with editor John Rennie s post, discussing an article on H5N1 written by Wendy Orent, here: Wendy Orent and evolutionary biologist Paul Ewald both replied in Part II and Part III, respectively: Both discussed Rennie s mention of a critique of Orent s article on the public health blog, Effect Measure . The pseudomynous Revere

Posted by dymaxion at 10:26 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

tages-anzeiger online | ausland

In Vietnam ist erneut ein Mensch an der Vogelgrippe gestorben. Damit erh?hte sich die Zahl der Todesopfer in dem asiatischen Land auf 42. Der 35-j?hrige Mann sei vor einigen Tagen in einem Spital der Hauptstadt Hanoi an dem aggressiven Virus-Subtyp H5N1 gestorben, teilte ein Sprecher des Gesundheitsministeriums mit. Weitere 50 Menschen in Vietnam sind nach offiziellen Angaben mit dem H5N1-Virus infiziert. Vietnam ist das Land mit der mit Abstand h?chsten Zahl von Todesopfern durch das Virus

Posted by dymaxion at 10:24 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird flu death reported in Vietnam - International Herald Tribune



BBC News
Bird flu death reported in Vietnam
International Herald Tribune, France - 48 minutes ago
... 29, tested positive for the H5N1 strain of bird flu, said Nguyen Van Binh, deputy director of the Preventive Medicine Department under the Ministry of Health. ...
Vietnam flu death highlights WHO warning Monsters and Critics.com
BIRD FLU DEATH IN VIETNAM Special Broadcasting Service
Vietnam reports bird flu death News24
Reuters - BBC News - all 72 related

Posted by dymaxion at 10:19 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

New ammunition against bird flu in the works - Newsweek



Newsweek
New ammunition against bird flu in the works
Newsweek - 1 hour ago
... Tamiflu in preparation for a possible pandemic of bird flu, scientists are feverishly working to develop entirely new ways to combat the deadly H5N1 avian virus ...
The Business of the Flu Newsweek
all 2 related

Posted by dymaxion at 10:19 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Russia to make anti-H5N1 proposals to G8 - RIA Novosti


Russia to make anti-H5N1 proposals to G8
RIA Novosti, Russia - 2 hours ago
... the Russian delegation to the World Health Organization's three-day conference on bird flu in Geneva, said the potential pandemic of the H5N1 strain among ...

Posted by dymaxion at 10:19 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Indonesia has two H5N1 cases; China seeks WHO help - CIDRAP



Environment News Service
Indonesia has two H5N1 cases; China seeks WHO help
CIDRAP, MN - 15 hours ago
Nov 7, 2005 (CIDRAP News) – Two more human cases of H5N1 infection—one of which was fatal—have been confirmed in Indonesia, the World Health Organization ...
Vietnam flu death highlights WHO warning Science Daily (press release)
Bali: Students join bird flu search programme Ireland Online
Beijing Halts Poultry Trade to Guard Against Bird Flu Environment News Service
Webindia123 - Jakarta Post - all 15 related

Posted by dymaxion at 10:19 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Deputy health minister confirms first positive H5N1 case in three ... - OhmyNews International



OhmyNews International
Deputy health minister confirms first positive H5N1 case in three ...
OhmyNews International, South Korea - 8 hours ago
Deputy Health Minister Trinh Quan Huan confirmed Nov. 7 that a 35-year-old man, who was hospitalized on Oct. 26 and died three days ...
[LETTERS to the editor]Don't bury heads over flu Joongang Ilbo
all 2 related

Posted by dymaxion at 10:19 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

November 04, 2005

Bird Flu Base Maps Available from East View Cartographic

 
Bird Flu Base Maps Available from East View Cartographic (info)
http://www.cartographic.com/news/corporate.asp?NEWS_YEAR=2005&SYS_NEWS=22
GIS professionals take up avian flu
Posted by Declan to AvianFlu GIS on Thu Nov 03 2005 at 23:03 UTC

Posted by dymaxion at 10:48 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Wild birds help to create human flu vaccine

 
Wild birds help to create human flu vaccine (info)
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2005-11/wcs-wbh110305.php
Avian influenza virus samples collected from wild birds in Mongolia by field veterinarians from the New York City-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) have been selected by the World Health Organization to be part of a new human pandemic influenza vaccine currently in development.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:47 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

EPIDEMIOLOGY: ON THE 1918 SPANISH INFLUENZA VIRUS

Excepts about Genome, Epidemic, Disease and the species barrier.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:47 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Cambodia only has bird flu medicine for 100 people - Ireland Online


Cambodia only has bird flu medicine for 100 people
Ireland Online, Ireland - 2 hours ago
... Cambodia, with a population of 13.6 million, has registered four human cases of bird flu, all fatal, since the H5N1 virus swept into Asia in late 2003. ...
Preparing for bird flu Fort Wayne News Sentinel
Bird Flu Pandemic Tamiflu I-Newswire.com (press release)
Officials defend new US bird flu plan The Age (subscription)
TODAYonline - Channel News Asia - all 14 related

Posted by dymaxion at 10:41 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Japan to cull 180,000 chickens after detecting signs of bird flu - Mainichi Daily News



Pravda
Japan to cull 180,000 chickens after detecting signs of bird flu
Mainichi Daily News, Japan - 1 hour ago
... The chickens had probably been exposed to the H5N2 strain of the virus, which is less virulent than the H5N1 variety that has ravaged Southeast Asia since 2003 ...
Japan to kill 180,000 more chickens due to bird flu Forbes
Japan to cull 180,000 chickens exposed to avian flu Reuters AlertNet
Japan to cull 180,000 chickens after detecting signs of bird flu Canada.com
all 13 related

Posted by dymaxion at 10:41 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

China, Vietnam report more bird flu outbreaks - Reuters.uk



Malaysia Star
China, Vietnam report more bird flu outbreaks
Reuters.uk, UK - 2 hours ago
... The World Health Organization has said H5N1 is endemic in most poultry flocks in Asia and experts say migratory birds, which act as hosts for the virus, could ...
Chiron trying to outsmart avian flu Contra Costa Times
Flu Proposal Misguided FOX News
Bird-flu vaccine effort could prove helpful or hopeless Columbus Dispatch (subscription)
Reuters AlertNet - Cavalierdaily.com - all 86 related

Posted by dymaxion at 10:41 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Four thousand birds dead in northern Vietnam

From a Pakistani news source, Dawn, news of yet another avian flu outbreak:

Some 4,000 poultry and water fowl have died in fresh outbreaks of bird flu in northern Vietnam's Bac Giang province, north of the capital, an animal health official said Friday.

"The chairperson of the provincial people's committee on Thursday declared that bird flu has hit three communes," said the official from Bac Giang's animal health department, refusing to be named. About 4,000 poultry and water fowl had died in the province's Yen Lu, Van Trung and Tang Tien communes, around 70 kilometers (45 miles) north of Hanoi from October 25, he said.

The areas are now under a close watch and a quarantine has been imposed. Two people died in central Vietnam's Quang Binh province in late October with symptoms similar to bird flu but doctors said their samples had never been tested. Two-thirds of the more than 60 people killed by the H5N1 strain of bird flu since late 2003 have been in Vietnam.


Posted by dymaxion at 10:40 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

WaPo unimpressed with pandemic plan

The Washington Post has an editorial on Pandemic Planning.

THE PRESIDENT has called it a "crash program." Mike Leavitt, the secretary of health and human services, used the word "blueprint." Unfortunately, the administration flu pandemic plan released this week is neither of those things.

On a general level, the plan and the funding request accompanying it show that the administration is taking preparedness seriously. Particularly important is the president's recognition that the United States needs to learn how to speed up production of vaccines, because they offer the best hope for protection against any pandemic. By far the largest chunk of the president's $7.1 billion funding request is devoted to vaccine and antiviral drug research and building up vaccine stockpiles, and rightly so.

Nevertheless, the earliest date by which the government could meet its goal of having the capability to produce a vaccine for every American within six months of the beginning of a pandemic is 2010 -- hardly a "crash program."


Posted by dymaxion at 10:40 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

WHO meeting make-or-break time

According to The Lancet, as reported by Reuters, next week's WHO meeting will be the make-or-break time for pandemic threat.

"The Geneva summit will be a make-or-break time for the human threat of H5N1 influenza," The Lancet medical journal said in an editorial.

Scientists cannot predict if or when the H5N1 bird flu that has killed more than 60 people in Asia will mutate into a human pandemic strain capable of infecting and killing millions of people.

The meeting from Nov 7-9 will attempt to produce an action plan and identify the technical and financial needs to combat the spread of the virus in birds and the threat to humans.

e showing real talent for holding meetings and announcing plans. Implementing those plans may be a little harder.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:39 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Huge lapse seen in US flu plan

A story in the San Bernardino County Sun says state and local health authorities are essentially on their own if and when a flu pandemic breaks out.

The president's flu plan calls for states collectively to stockpile enough anti-viral medication to treat 31 million people. States would pay three-fourths of the cost or an estimated $500 million while the federal government would pay 25 percent.

But as some states struggle with slow revenue growth, rising Medicaid costs and recovery from Hurricane Katrina, lawmakers on Capitol Hill are wondering where the money will come from.

"They are already struggling," said Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash. "So if we add this on top of them and say, `If you want to participate, come up with 75 percent of the funding,' we are going to have a public health crisis. And that concerns me greatly."


Posted by dymaxion at 10:38 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

The Threat of Avian FluZuky

Remember, just because George W.'s newly announced plan to combat the threat of avian flu is bogus doesn't mean that the threat itself is. Needless to say, the Bush-Cheney administration's sudden interest in healthcare is a blatant attempt to draw public attention away from the Libby indictment, the Iraq war, and the WMD lies. But as I've written before, the craziest, lamest thing about this White House is that it fights fake wars against real enemies. In the case of terrorism, this strategy of war-by-photo-op-and-cronyism has resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and a generally destabilized, terrorized world. In the case of avian flu, the results could be even more deadly.

Unfortunately, many progressives are skeptical of the actual threat posed by the H5N1 virus simply because it came out of Bush's mouth. This boy-who-cried-wolf logic is understandable, but wrong. The potential for an influenza pandemic has been understood and discussed in the scientific community since 1997, when the first outbreak was detected in Asia. The Bushies are now attaching themselves to the growing wave of concern in order to shore up their declining political fortunes while lining the pockets of their friends in the pharmaceutical and healthcare industries.

Yet the corporate government's cynical corruption in no way diminishes the threat posed by avian flu, whose human mortality rate is somewhere around 50% for all age groups. The virus is moving around the globe via both migratory birds and modern transportation. So far, the virus has only been known to move from birds to humans; but if the virus mutates into a strain that can jump from human to human, a pandemic of planet-jarring proportions could get underway. As I understand it, the most likely way for that to happen is for the virus to use host pigs (whose genetic make-up is similar to that of humans) as a living laboratory for mixing with other viruses and mutating into human-compatible form. Because of the constant proximity of humans, farm animals, and migratory birds in many parts of the world, this isn't a particularly far-fetched notion.

If a pandemic does indeed get underway, the current world healthcare system will be utterly unprepared to deal with the fallout (even with Bush's "plan" in place). And not just in poor countries: here in the US, we have some 50 million people with no healthcare coverage (such people could serve as carriers, spreading the virus until their symptoms put them in the ER); we haven't invested in either the technology or the manufacturing capacity to rapidly produce large quantities of strain-specific vaccines; and the only (questionable) treatment medication available is patented by Roche, a corporation whose stock price is soaring precisely because of its corner on the flu-medicine market (how twisted is a society's economic system when you're rewarded for witholding medicine?). Moreover, the tendency of politicians to react to any crisis with Draconian military measures (e.g. after-the-fact quarantines and travel bans) could further fuel chaos and breakdowns of public infrastructure. In short, we're in bad shape and it could get ugly.

This doesn't mean it's time to panic. It means it's time to get informed and active. In this age of blogs, wikis, and Googling, getting informed shouldn't be all that difficult; the links in this very post should be enough to get you started. As for getting active, I personally favor practical, common sense measures that mitigate risk without undue burden: washing your hands with soap before you eat; keeping enough food in the pantry to last a few weeks; finding out about any local resources and efforts underway to address the issue; learning how to take care of someone who has been infected; and most of all, pushing for a long-term public health system that puts every human life ahead of corporate greed, because whether the avian flu turns into a pandemic or not, that's what any sane democratic society requires.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:37 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Расейскі дэпутат Лісоўскі: птушыны грып – інтрыга замежных кампаніяўSvaboda.org Programs

Выпадкі птушынага грыпу, выкліканыя небясьпечным для чалавека вірусам H5N1 зарэгістраваныя ў васьмі рэгіёнах Расейскай фэдэрацыі. Гэта, аднак, выклікае ў расейскім грамадзтве супярэчлівую рэакцыю. У той час, як на Захадзе б’юць трывогу з нагоды магчымай пандэміі, у Расеі многія чыноўнікі і палітыкі пагрозу памяншаюць.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:35 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Avian Flu Outbreak Map in Google EarthGoogle Earth Blog

Someone called "puplelinny" at the Google Earth Community has been collecting information on the spread of Avian Flu around the world. She cites her references in the thread and has been in contact with a journalist at Nature who has been researching this as well.

You can download the Google Earth file and you will see the placemarks with unique icons indicating 'confirmed', 'unconfirmed', or human verses animal or bird cases. If you look in the Places window and open her folder (called H5N1 after the name of the flu strain), you will see it is organized according to the different types and other useful infromation about the flu.

Check out the Avian Flu thread where purplelinny posts updates to the GE file and information about the flu outbreak. If you like this work, you might want to drop a note saying so. Great work purplelinny!

Posted by dymaxion at 10:29 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

New bird flu outbreaks hit Asia

... New bird flu outbreaks hit Asia China and Vietnam have reported major new bird flu outbreaks, as Japan moved to cull 180,000 chickens at a farm where signs of the virus were found. The lethal H5N1 virus killed nearly 9,000 chickens in China’s Liaoning province and 3,000 birds in Bac Giang ...

Watcher Magazine Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 10:24 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

请用5分钟的时间阅看下本文章!H5N1 Avian Influenza~

... ,禽流感可分为高致病性、低致病性和非致病性禽流感三大类。禽流感病毒有不同的亚型,由H5和H7亚型毒株(以H5N1和H7N7为代表)所引起的疾病称为高致病性禽流感(HPAI),最近国内外由H5N1亚型引起的禽流感即为高致病性禽流感...,这样虽不能预防禽流感,但可预防人同时被流感和禽流感感染而引起病毒基因重组。 禽流感真可怕! 卫生专家现在非常担心禽流感的H5N1病毒会产生变异,变成能在人类之间传播。世卫组织一直都认为这个担忧迟早将成为事实。一些专家估计禽流感可能在一两年内爆发成在人类之间传播的疫情,但是现在棘手的问题是许多国家还未对防治H5N1病毒作足准备工夫。   专家指出,由于今日世界各地人们往来频繁 ...

异次元空间 Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 10:22 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

鳥インフルエンザが大流行するとワクチンや治療薬のタミフルも足らない

... 『ムーブ!』で鳥インフルエンザウイルスの変異型が近い内に現れて大流行するかもしれないと言っていた。  大阪府の松原市で鳥インフルエンザウイルスが発見されたので『ムーブ!』で取り上げたのだろう。  鳥インフルエンザウイルスH5N1は鳥から鳥に感染して人間には感染しないが、まれに感染して人から人は感染しにくいと言っていた。  鳥インフルエンザウイルスは最近鳥から鳥の感染が広域化長期化していて、鳥から人の感染も増加していてインフルエンザは数十年おきに大流行していて、スペイン風邪が1918年、香港風邪が1968年でもうそろそろ起きてもおかしくないらしい。  WHOの博士が世界で ...

なんか色々 月光環 Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 10:21 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

November 03, 2005

New human infections likely in Indonesia

Indonesia's health minister said on Thursday that three children are showing symptoms of bird flu, Elshinta news radio reported. 

It said the three, all under 5 years of age, were being treated at a hospital in Jakarta and quoted minister Siti Fadillah Supari as saying they showed such symptoms as high fever, shortness of breath and signs of viral infection.

Asked by a reporter whether test results had been received, Supari said: "Not yet, maybe in two or three days hopefully, because this is a holiday, but looking at the symptoms ... there's a large possibility that it is bird flu."

Source.

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Bird Flu Confirmed in 10 Areas in Russia, 19 More Suspected

Link: NEWS - MOSNEWS.COM. Russia has discovered outbreaks of avian flu in 10 areas, and 19 more are under suspicion, agriculture ministry officials were quoted by the Itar-Tass agency as saying on Tuesday. Among the areas affected are southern Siberia’s...

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New bird flu in Thailand

Link: The Australian: New bird flu in Thailand [November 02, 2005]. THE deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu has been detected in chickens in two Thai provinces, as the country struggles to contain the virus a day after the latest...

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Bird flu 'likely to spread in Europe' - Nov 1, 2005

Link: CNN.com Further outbreaks of bird flu are expected in Europe and the virus will likely be found next in Greece and Ukraine, a World Health Organization expert said Tuesday. Those countries are at risk because they are on the...

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Russians fear human bird flu

Link: Health News Article | Reuters.co.uk. The risk of humans becoming infected with the deadly bird flu virus will remain high over coming weeks due to bird migration patterns, Russia's emergencies ministry said on Thursday. The ministry said that new...

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Branson snaps up 10,000 courses of Tamiflu - Aviation - MSNBC.com

 
Branson snaps up 10,000 courses of Tamiflu - Aviation - MSNBC.com (info)
http://msnbc.msn.com/id/9901178/
Posted by Declan to Tamiflu AvianFlu Business drugs on Wed Nov 02 2005 at 22:40 UTC

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US HHS Influenza Plan

 
US HHS Influenza Plan (info)
http://www.cnn.com/interactive/health/0511/pandemic.plan.overview.pdf
Posted by martin to AvianFlu on Wed Nov 02 2005 at 19:05 UTC

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Oseltamivir in the management of influenza.

 
Oseltamivir in the management of influenza. (info)
John Oxford
Expert Opin Pharmacother 6 (14), 2493-2500 (Nov 2005)
Posted by Declan to Tamiflu AvianFlu papers drugs on Wed Nov 02 2005 at 20:50 UTC

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AsiaMedia :: CHINA: Beijing tightens control on media reports

Despite vow of openness, papers need permission to publish news of avian flu outbreaks, deaths

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More wild bird monitoring...

...to be started in Indonesia after a pigeon tested positive for H5N1.

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Firm develops test to detect bird flu in humans - Reuters.uk


Firm develops test to detect bird flu in humans
Reuters.uk, UK - 2 hours ago
Quest said it has notified physicians and hospitals that it has begun to offer a gene-based screening test to identify the H5N1 strain of Influenza A virus ...
Avian Flu From Cats - Still Unlikely, Says FAB UKPets
all 4 related

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Global meeting on the H5N1 virus, WHO, 7-9 November - Medical News Today (press release)



SciDev.net
Global meeting on the H5N1 virus, WHO, 7-9 November
Medical News Today (press release), UK - 17 hours ago
A meeting entitled "The H5N1 Agenda: Towards a global strategy" will be held at the World Health Organization's (WHO) Geneva headquarters 7-9 November. ...
Rich nations urged to do more in fight against bird flu SciDev.net
all 2 related

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CNN takes in-depth look at bird flu - CNN International


CNN takes in-depth look at bird flu
CNN International - 5 hours ago
... and eventually lead to a pandemic. What exactly is H5N1? Will a pandemic occur in our lifetime? In an insightful special program ...
Vermont Prepares for A Flu Pandemic WCAX
Bird Flu Facts and Fears WebMD
all 4 related

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Catching H5N1 "from the environment"

From The Nation, a Thai news source: Avian Flu: Victim "didn't have contact" with birds. This is in connection with Thailand's 20th confirmed cases of H5N1.

The woman who became the latest confirmed case of human bird-flu contracted the H5N1 virus from "the environment" rather than from infected birds, the Public Health Ministry said yesterday.

Dr Thawat Suntharachan, director-general of the ministry's Disease Control Department, said the 50-year-old woman was confirmed on Monday as the twentieth case of bird flu in Thailand since 2003. He said the victim was the eighth person to contract the virus without touching a dead chicken.

The seven previous cases were reported last year.


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Another suspected human case of H5N1 in Vietnam

I can't find the story on my Vietnamese links, but Xinhua reports that a woman in Hanoi has been hospitalized with suspected avian flu.

Vietnam has reported no new bird flu patients since late July, Vietnamese Deputy Health Minister Trinh Quan Huan said at press briefing on Wednesday. Up to 91 Vietnamese people have been infected with bird flu since the disease started to break out in the country in late 2003. Of them 41 have died.

Meanwhile, Thanh Nien News reports a Mekong Delta province is banning poultry farming outright until next year, while Vietnam's prime minister has banned raising, trading, and slaughtering poultry in urban areas.

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Bird-Flu, HIV and South AfricaSouth Africa

In this post I would really appreciate feedback for reasons that will become obvious as you read on.

 

If the increasing number of Press Conferences at the WHO is anything to go by, all things health are looking a bit dodgy thesedays. The main reason for the spike in health related stories in the news is the "Bird Flu Virus (H5N1)". The CDC in the US provides a good summary about this virus and why it is such a concern :

 

The H5N1 virus does not usually infect humans. In 1997. However, the first case of spread from a bird to a human was seen during an outbreak of bird flu in poultry in Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region. The virus caused severe respiratory illness in 18 people, 6 of whom died. Since that time, there have been other cases of H5N1 infection among humans. Recent human cases of H5N1 infection that have occurred in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam have coincided with large H5N1 outbreaks in poultry. The World Health Organisation also has reported human cases in Indonesia. Most of these cases have occurred from contact with infected poultry or contaminated surfaces; however, it is thought that a few cases of human-to-human spread of H5N1 have occurred.

 

So far, spread of H5N1 virus from person to person has been rare and has not continued beyond one person. However, because all influenza viruses have the ability to change, scientists are concerned that the H5N1 virus one day could be able to infect humans and spread easily from one person to another. Because these viruses do not commonly infect humans, there is little or no immune protection against them in the human population. If the H5N1 virus were able to infect people and spread easily from person to person, an influenza pandemic (worldwide outbreak of disease) could begin. No one can predict when a pandemic might occur. However, experts from around the world are watching the H5N1 situation in Asia very closely and are preparing for the possibility that the virus may begin to spread more easily and widely from person to person.

 

Yeah okay, but why should this worry us? Well :

 

An influenza pandemic is a global outbreak of disease that occurs when a new influenza A virus appears or “emerges” in the human population, causes serious illness, and then spreads easily from person to person worldwide. Pandemics are different from seasonal outbreaks or “epidemics” of influenza. Seasonal outbreaks are caused by subtypes of influenza viruses that already circulate among people, whereas pandemic outbreaks are caused by new subtypes, by subtypes that have never circulated among people, or by subtypes that have not circulated among people for a long time. Past influenza pandemics have led to high levels of illness, death, social disruption, and economic loss.

 

Some recent historical comparisons :

 

  • The "Spanish flu", 1918-1919. Began in August 1918 in three disparate locations: Brest, Boston, and Freetown. An unusually severe and deadly strain of influenza spread worldwide. The disease spread across the world, killing 25 million in the course of six months; some estimates put the total of those killed worldwide at over twice that number.
  • The "Asian flu", 1957-58. Estimates of the worldwide casualty level vary widely, from one to four million people
  • The "Hong Kong flu", 1968-69. Casualty estimates vary: between 750,000 and two million people died of the virus worldwide.

 

Currently the H5N1 strain has a mortality rate of over 50%. However, what makes it so deadly for Southern Africa is our high rate of HIV/Aids infection :

 

"Many of the problems faced by people infected with HIV results from the failure of the immune system to protect them from certain opportunistic infections"  

 

If this virus did evolve into an easily transmittable virus it could prove to be the "Grand Slam" of opportunistic infections. The majority of the people who have succumbed to the virus so far have been healthy - imagine the effect on a person with an already weakened immune system?  

 

So what do you all think, do we in SA need to worry more than other countries this thing makes its final evolutionary step? 

 

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Fighting Cocks Spreading Bird Flu in ThailandPensito Review

Losing battle: The illegal movement of infected poultry, especially fighting cocks and ducks, has helped spread the bird flu virus to seven provinces in Thailand, officials announced on Wednesday Nov, 2, 2005. In the latest outbreak of the H5N1 virus, which has killed 13 Thais, laboratory results confirmed the virus in chickens and pigeons in the [...]

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American Public Health Association Welcomes National Strategy for Pandemic FluNews Unfiltered

"Following is a statement from Georges C. Benjamin, MD, FACP, APHA executive director, regarding the national strategy for pandemic flu:

"The American Public Health Association welcomes today's release of a national strategy for pandemic influenza. We live in an era during which new and re-emerging diseases, such as the H5N1 avian flu virus, could possibly threaten the health and lives of millions of Americans and tens of millions around the world. We must take the proper precautions to prevent the spread of infectious disease. This plan is an important step in building our capacity to identify and respond to such a potential widespread public health emergency. We thank the administration for providing leadership on this important issue." [Read more]

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Cisne abatido na Croácia era portador do vírus H5N1Notícias Publico.PT

Ave da Hungria


O cisne com uma anilha da Hungria que foi abatido há oito dias na Croácia era portador do vírus H5N1, anunciou hoje o Ministério da Agricultura croata.

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The Great Avian Flu Scam - 2005Prairie Weather

WASHINGTON - President Bush outlined a $7.1 billion strategy Tuesday to prepare for the danger of a pandemic influenza outbreak, saying he wanted to stockpile enough vaccine to protect 20 million Americans against the current strain of bird flu. The president also said the United States must approve liability protection for the makers of lifesaving vaccines. He said the number of American vaccine manufacturers has plummeted because the industry has been hit with a flood of lawsuits.

Something wrong here.  Looks like a $7.1 billion strategy to enrich the pharmaceuticals and their shareholders with government funds... again.

Bush said no one knows when or where a deadly strain of flu will strike but "at some point we are likely to face another pandemic." The president, in a speech at the National Institutes of Health, said the United States must be prepared to detect outbreaks anywhere in the world, stockpile vaccines and anti-viral drugs and be ready to respond at the federal, state and local levels in the event a pandemic reaches the United States.

Even those scientists who have predicted an outbreak of a new flu strain sometime in the near future are scratching their heads at the hysteria and new spending.  Certainly, if you take a hard look at what Bush intends to do, you can't fail to notice that his proposals will a) once again reduce liability for huge corporations; b) put taxpayer money -- in the billions -- into corporate hands; c) raise the possibility of further US interventions in areas of the world where avian flu becomes the new "terrorism."

Bush outlined a strategy that would cost $7.1 billion including:

_$1.2 billion for the government to buy enough doses of the vaccine against the current strain of bird flu to protect 20 million Americans; the administration wants to have sufficient vaccine for front-line emergency personnel and at-risk populations, including military personnel;

Again, most scientists are saying that even if a vaccine can be developed and tested quickly, it would almost certainly require 2 vaccinations per person -- with a period of time between vaccinations -- to be effective.  So that's vaccine for 10,000,000 people.  None for you and me, that's for sure, even if it is needed.

_$1 billion to stockpile more anti-viral drugs that lessen the severity of the flu symptoms;

_$2.8 billion to speed the development of vaccines as new strains emerge, a process that now takes months;

That opens the door to more "emergency declarations" and more billions to "speed development" going to some of the Republican Party's biggest campaign contributors.

_$583 million for states and local governments to prepare emergency plans to respond to an outbreak.

Bush said a pandemic flu would be far more serious than the seasonal flu that makes hundreds of thousands of people sick ever year and sends people to their doctors for a flu shot. "I had mine," Bush said. Unlike seasonal flu, pandemic flu can kill people who are young and healthy as well as those who are frail and sick, he said. In asking Congress for money to buy vaccine, Bush said the vaccine "would not be a perfect match to the pandemic flu because the pandemic strain would probably differ somewhat from the avian flu virus it grew from. But a vaccine against the current avian flu virus would likely offer some protection against a pandemic strain and possibly save many lives in the first critical months of an outbreak."

Keep in mind that the current flu vaccine treats three strains of virus which circulate regularly from year to year and which treat a bug restricts itself to your respiratory system.  The avian flu starts in the lungs but is able to attack other organs and, frequently, the brain.  That's why it's potentially so lethal. 

BUT: The avian flu which is affecting birds now in different parts of the world has not mutated and become a threat to humans.  It could in time.  We certainly need to be prepared.   But we need to be careful that the benefits of preparation are for you and me and our families and friends and everyone who needs vaccine.  What we may be looking at here is more "windfall profits" in which the Bush administration has been instrumental in shaking the tree.

He also said the United States was increasing stockpiles of antiviral drugs, such as Tamiflu and Relenza. Such drugs cannot prevent people from catching the flu, but they can reduce the severity of the illness when taken within 48 hours of getting sick, he said.

Evidently Tamiflu is useful not only in respiratory flu but in that kind of viral infection which is able to travel to other parts of the body.  Relenza is not.  Both need, to be effective, additional drugs to increase their potency.

"At this moment there is no pandemic influenza in the United States or the world, but if history is our guide there's reason to be concerned," Bush said. "In the last century, our country and the world have been hit by three influenza pandemics, and viruses from birds contributed to all of them." He pointed out that the 1918 pandemic killed over a half million Americans and more than 20 million people across the globe. "One-third of the U.S. population was infected, and life expectancy in our country was reduced by 13 years. "The 1918 pandemic was followed by pandemics in 1957 and 1968, which killed tens of thousands of Americans and millions across the world," Bush said. Bird flu has been documented in Asia and has spread to Europe but has not reached the United States, the president said. "Our country has been given fair warning of this danger to our homeland and time to prepare," he said. Bush said the cornerstone of his strategy was to develop new technologies to produce new vaccines quickly. "If a pandemic strikes, our country must have a surge capacity in place that will allow us to bring a new vaccine online quickly and manufacture enough to immunize every American against the pandemic strain," Bush said. The principal goal of Bush's plan, Health and Human Services Secretary Michael Leavitt said, "is the capacity for every American to have a vaccine in the case of a pandemic, no matter what the virus is." "There is no reason to believe that in the next day or two or week or month that that's going to occur," Leavitt said on CBS's "The Early Show." But he added that "we do need to be ready in case it begins to mutate into a human transmissable disease." Pandemics strike when the easy-to-mutate influenza virus shifts to a strain that people have never experienced before, something that has happened three times in the last century. While it is impossible to say when the next super-flu will strike, concern is growing that the bird flu strain known as H5N1 could trigger one if it mutates to start spreading easily among people. Since 2003, at least 62 people in Southeast Asia have died from H5N1; most regularly handled poultry. The nation's strategy starts with attempting to spot an outbreak abroad early and working to contain it before it reaches the United States. Today, most of the world's vaccine against regular winter flu, including much of that used by Americans each flu season, is manufactured in factories in Britain and Europe. The government already has ordered $162.5 million worth of vaccine to be made and stockpiled against the Asian bird flu, more than half to be made in a U.S. factory. But the administration plan, to be released in more detail on Wednesday, calls for more than stockpiling shots. It will stress a new method of manufacturing flu vaccines — growing the virus to make them in easy-to-handle cell cultures instead of today's cumbersome process that uses millions of chicken eggs — as well as incentives for new U.S.-based vaccine factories to open. Such steps will take several years to implement, but the hope is that eventually they could allow production of enough vaccine to go around within six months of a pandemic's start.

I've been researching the flu vaccine distribution system for years, a system which even the CDC admits is antediluvian.  So I have no problem with improving that system, none whatsoever.  But what I think we're seeing here is yet another example of the Administration hopping on a bandwagon which guarantees their party a nice ride to larger campaign contributions and additional political power.

How do we test their sincerity?  Well, for starters by watching very carefully where the money goes.  We need to find out who in the Administration will profit from holdings in companies receiving any of the $7.1 billion, how the money is distributed, the extent to which "pandemic" is replacing "bin Laden" as a political tool.

NB:      The Diane Rehm show this morning was entirely about the "U.S. Strategy for Flu Pandemic."  I heard only about 5 minutes of the show -- enough to recommend it.

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Bush bird flu plan includes windfall for pharmaceuticals giantsSF Bay Area Indymedia

It is also being exposed as a thinly disguised gift to US pharmaceutical companies that stand to profit handsomely from the production of vaccines and treatments for the bird flu under the administration’s plan, while avoiding liability for damages resulting from their operations.

Bush unveiled the “National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza” in a speech Tuesday to doctors, scientists and members of Congress at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. Utilizing the phraseology common since the 9/11 terror attacks, Bush described the threat of the bird flu as “a danger to our homeland,” and urged Congress to fund his proposal.

The threat of a worldwide outbreak of avian flu is genuine. The H5N1 strain of the virus has already infected 122 people and killed 62 in four countries—Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia—and has contaminated poultry flocks across wide stretches of Asia and into Europe.

While up to now most human victims appear to have been infected directly from birds, the danger is that the deadly virus could mutate into a form easily transmittable between humans. A recent Science magazine article stated that according to expert opinion the odds of an eventual global outbreak are “100 percent,” posing a danger to millions of lives.

Critics have decried Bush’s “crash program” as too little, too late. Dr. Allan Rosenfield, dean of the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University in New York, told Reuters, “It should have happened five years ago.” To put the $7.1 billion figure into perspective, it is close to the amount spent by the US in a month on the war in Iraq. It is also less than the $8-billion flu preparedness plan passed recently by the Senate.

It is also a fraction of the $70 billion in additional tax cuts for the wealthy that Bush and the Republican-controlled Congress are preparing to enact.

The Bush administration’s “National Strategy” to fight an avian flu pandemic is not only woefully inadequate, but promises windfall profits to the giant pharmaceutical interests while leaving cash-strapped state and local authorities financially responsible for implementing large portions of the plan.

Read More
http://www.wsws.org/articles/2005/nov2005/bflu-n03.shtml

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Betting on Bird FluAvian Flu Watch Photo Pool

Quiplashr has added a photo to the pool:

Betting on Bird Flu

A punter's guide to the pandemic
www.smh.com.au/news/opinion/a-punters-guide-to-the-pandem...

November 2, 2005

LIKE to bet on something more serious than the Melbourne Cup? At www.intrade.com you can bet on when bird flu will reach the United States. Disturbingly, the betting points to a 25 per cent chance that bird flu will hit the US some time this year and a 50 per cent chance it will hit early next year. Even more disturbing is that these markets have a history of being right.

In the US, betting markets accurately predict everything from election results to the weather. In recent elections they have predicted the winning margin of both Democrat and Republican candidates to within 1.5 per cent. In Australia's last election the punters at Centrebet put five times as much money on the Coalition as on Labor. They were right. The press and the opinion polls were saying the election would be close.

In his book The Wisdom of Crowds, James Surowiecki outlines one of the early successes of betting markets. In May 1968 the US submarine Scorpion disappeared at sea. It could have been anywhere in a region 32 kilometres wide.
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Instead of asking one or two experts where they thought it was, the chief naval officer assembled a large group of specialists in all sorts of fields and asked each of them to guess the location. The prize was a bottle of Scotch.

Using mathematics to put the guesses together he came up with a spot just metres from where the ship was found. Intriguingly, it wasn't a location identified by any of the experts on their own.

What we really need right now is a market for betting on when, or if, bird flu moves between humans. We know that it sweeps through chickens and that it can jump to humans who handle them, although so far not easily - only about 120 people appear to have caught it, all of them in Asia. But the death rate among these people has been high, about 50 per cent.

Some of them may have already passed it on to other humans. Dick Thompson, from the World Health Organisation, has told the SBS Insight program that there have probably been a handful of limited transmissions in which the virus has moved from one person to another and then stopped. It hasn't yet continued to move on.

The Canadian economist Dr Sherry Cooper, of Harris Bank, has spoken to the world's leading bird flu experts and concluded that its spread among humans is just a matter of time. She quotes them saying that the virus "will learn to do it".

Her report is entitled Don't Fear Fear or Panic Panic. She says for perhaps the first time in history we are watching a global pandemic "unfold in slow motion".

There is a slim chance that we might be able to smother it before it develops. She says there is a 20- to 30-day window in which a huge application of antiviral drugs at the site of an outbreak might slow or stop it from spreading. But that will require international co-ordination on a scale rarely, if ever, seen.

If the disease does spread to humans and go global there will be an unknowable number of deaths. Martin Meltzer draws up the forecasts at the US Centres for Disease Control. He says the point isn't the exact number. "The point is: imagine a lot of people ill in a very short space of time. More than you've ever seen."

The task facing economists is to try to work out how such an upheaval would change things.

Cooper says it would fill all our hospitals and there would be nowhere to take the overflow. In a localised crisis victims can be ferried to hospitals in other towns and health-care workers can be brought in from interstate. But in a pandemic there are no healthy towns to draw beds or nurses from.

As well, the so-called H5N1 bird flu virus is thought most likely to kill or hospitalise those people with the strongest immune systems - typically those aged between 20 and 40. This unusual feature would see it disproportionately remove from the workforce our most productive workers.

The Treasurer is already worried about this sort of effect because of the ageing of the population. A pandemic would bring it forward, worldwide.

Unemployment, as measured, would fall further. Any worker who remained able-bodied would be in big demand and able to command a higher wage. It would be hard for employers to fill shortages with workers from overseas. Fewer 20- to 40-year-olds would mean fewer pregnancies and fewer new workers for decades to come. There would be less demand for houses. Property prices would fall.

Petrol prices would fall as well. With many of us too infectious to go to work and with schools quite probably closed there would be few reasons to drive a car. Coffee shops, restaurants, cinemas and airports would be particularly poorly patronised until the pandemic passed.

Other prices would soar. Among the items swept off the shelves would be face masks, rubber gloves and cans of baked beans as people rushed to stock up on news of the pandemic beginning.

News would become more important with so many of us stuck at home. But it would be news delivered by computers and radio and TV. Few of us are likely to pop down to the shop to buy a newspaper.

A radically different world awaits us if bird flu does begin to spread among humans, and it is entirely possible it will. It's little wonder the punters are interested.

Peter Martin is the economics correspondent for SBS television. Ross Gittins is on leave.

-----
More pictures, articles and links at the Avian Flu Watch group.

Educate yourself. Prepare yourself. There's still time.

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【医学】インフルエンザワクチンを短期間で作る手法を開発=東大

... 【医学】インフルエンザワクチンを短期間で作る手法を開発=東大  人類が免疫を持たない新型インフルエンザやH5N1型の高病原性鳥インフルエンザに対する ワクチンを、従来より短期間で作るのに役立つ手法を、東大医科学研究所の河岡義裕教授らの グループが開発した。  ワクチンのもとになるウイルス(ワクチン株)を、従来の約1000倍の効率で合成する技術で、 10月31日付の米科学アカデミー紀要に...、薬剤で不活化するなどして 製造する。しかしH5N1型のように毒性が強いウイルスを株として使うと、卵が死んでしまう。  このため、試験管内で遺伝子からウイルスを合成する「リバースジェネティクス」法で、 ...

News Scrap from 2ch Technorati this

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让政治家们紧张起来

...   一位在越南公干的马来西亚人住进了河内白梅医院,后来又转到香港一家医院。医生们束手无策,他很快死去。其样本被送到世界卫生组织的全球流感检测网络,检测结果令人震惊:患者感染了H5N1型禽流感病毒而且是一种发生了变异的H5N1病毒。   他并不是感染变种H5N1病毒的第一人。早在三个月前,越南、柬埔寨等地的乡村至少有数百人也感染上了这种病毒,但由于监测体系不完善,绝大多数病例没有被卫生当局及时发现...,他却闭口不讲SARS,而是大谈特谈禽流感的威胁。   管轶经历过1997年的香港禽流感危机,深知禽流感的危害。那是H5N1禽流感病毒第一次在人类爆发,香港共有18人染病,6人死亡。   与8年前相比 ...

Chinese Science Outpost 风讯台 Technorati this

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How a disease can change the world

... Considered the biggest direct disease threat to humanity, H5N1 changes quickly and has... from H5N1; in the worst-case scenario, as many as 150 million people could die. Scientists have come up with an explanation as to why viruses thrive in winters. According to them, the H5N1 virus ...

Biopeer Technorati this

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November 02, 2005

Thailand's battle with bird flu

The government has imposed strict measures to try to curb the spread of bird flu, including restricting movements of fighting cocks and eliminating a traditional way of raising ducks by moving large flocks around.

Fighting cocks and ducks were more resilient to the virus than farmed chickens and could pass on the disease without showing symptoms, Yukol said.

The government had set a March, 2005 deadline for halting the large-scale movement of 3,700 flocks of ducks that owners moved around to new feeding grounds, but extended it to December after owners protested and might extend it again, officials said.

Yukol said rural livestock officials faced tough battles to restrict movements of fighting cocks, or even culling them, as many are owned by influential local figures.

"Who dares to touch them? My livestock officials don't," he told reporters after a bird flu seminar.

He estimated there were around one million fighting cocks in Thailand, 300,000 of them involved in fights regularly, but only 40,000 had been registered and issued with a "passport", which must be shown to officials when they were being moved.

Owners often hide their prize fighters as the government pays only 75 percent of the market rate for ordinary chickens culled no matter what their attributes and nothing if they did not report suspicious deaths. Yukol said that would not change.

"What criteria can we use to say this fighting cock is worth 100,000 baht? When it loses two bouts, it will have to go to the broth pot," Yukol said.

Thailand has confirmed bird flu in seven provinces. Read the full article here.

Posted by dymaxion at 11:12 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird flu widespread in Russia

Russia has discovered outbreaks of avian flu in 10 areas, and 19 more are under suspicion, agriculture ministry officials were quoted by the Itar-Tass agency as saying on Tuesday.

Among the areas affected are southern Siberia’s Altai and Omsk regions, the south Urals’ Kurgan region, neighboring Chelyabinsk and in central Russia’s Tambov regions as well as the Tula region south of Moscow.

“Three more areas in the Kurgan region and 16 in the (southern Siberian) Novosibirsk region are under suspicion,” the ministry added.

Source.

Posted by dymaxion at 11:11 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

WHO | Avian influenza – situation in Thailand – update 37

 
WHO | Avian influenza – situation in Thailand – update 37 (info)
http://www.who.int/csr/don/2005_11_01/en/index.html
Posted by Declan and 1 other to Thailand AvianFlu cases on Wed Nov 02 2005 at 07:48 UTC

Posted by dymaxion at 11:10 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Malaysians ignore bird flu fears by smuggling pet birds, fighting cocks from Indonesia

 
Malaysians ignore bird flu fears by smuggling pet birds, fighting cocks from Indonesia (info)
http://mdn.mainichi-msn.co.jp/business/news/20051102p2g00m0bu009000c.html
Posted by Declan to INDONESIA AvianFlu Malaysia on Wed Nov 02 2005 at 08:13 UTC

Posted by dymaxion at 11:09 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Science & Technology at Scientific American.com: Preparing for a Pandemic -- [ SPECIAL REPORT ] -- One day a highly contagious and lethal strain of influenza will sweep across all humanity, claiming millions of lives. It may arrive in months or not for ye

Posted by dymaxion at 11:08 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

PANDEMIC UPDATE? Are you there in the American He...

What many of you don't know is the measures being taken by the United States government are too little too late IF thie H5N1 strain of avian flu becomes a pandemic influenza. Twenty million vaccinated will just about cover the ruling ...

Posted by dymaxion at 11:05 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

PANDEMIC! And the bush plan- LET IT KILL THE POOR!

Since 2003, at least 62 people in Southeast Asia have died from H5N1; ... *Since this article was written (only 13 days ago), H5N1 has spread to Britain! ... The avian flu strain H5N1 already has two of the three characteristics needed ...

Posted by dymaxion at 11:03 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

News of Hanoian dying of H5N1 is false - Nhan Dan


News of Hanoian dying of H5N1 is false
Nhan Dan, Vietnam - 6 hours ago
... Nhan Dan correspondent that they had not eaten chicken for a long time and they were very angry with the false news that Hai was infected with H5N1 virus after ...

Posted by dymaxion at 11:01 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

A punter's guide to the pandemic

Thanks to an Australian reader who supplied the link to A punter's guide to the pandemic. Peter Martin, the author of the Punter's Guide, writes:

Like to bet on something more serious than the Melbourne Cup? At www.intrade.com you can bet on when bird flu will reach the United States. Disturbingly, the betting points to a 25 per cent chance that bird flu will hit the US some time this year and a 50 per cent chance it will hit early next year. Even more disturbing is that these markets have a history of being right.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:59 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Nabarro: Pandemic may force countries to shut down

David Nabarro, the WHO's avian-flu boss, gave the British House of Lords an earful today, according to a story in Guardian Unlimited. He's not happy with corporate planning:

What could happen was clear from the preparations being made by big companies, he said. "Large multinational companies have started to do their own risk assessments and risk planning," said Dr Nabarro, giving evidence to the committee's inquiry into pandemic influenza.

"I find them very, very scary. They are about closing down, retrenching, locking the doors, one or two months' survival rations ... their own Tamiflu stocks. That sort of response will make the task (of dealing with the pandemic) very, very difficult."

Dr Nabarro, speaking by videolink from the US where George Bush was launching his pandemic flu strategy, said it would be necessary to move very fast once the virus began to spread easily between humans. "It looks as though we really do only have a window of about three weeks to get moving if we are going to delay the pandemic at source," he said.


Posted by dymaxion at 10:58 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Doubling the impact of Tamiflu

Declan Butler has an article on news @ nature.com: Wartime tactic doubles power of scarce bird-flu drug. The tactic is to use probenecid, a drug that prevents many other drugs from being taken out of the bloodstream by the kidneys. One of those drugs is Tamiflu, and the effect is to more than double the patient's exposure to the drug.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:57 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

China bans poultry imports from 14 countries

From China Daily: China bans poultry imports from 14 countries.

The 14 countries are Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Cambodia, Japan, North Korea, Romania, Croatia, Kazakhstan, South Africa, Mongolia, Turkey, Russia and Sweden, according to the notice jointly issued by the Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Agriculture, the General Administration of Customs and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine.

I hadn't realized that Sweden and South Africa have been exporting poultry to China. Now that some Canadian birds have been found with some kind of H5 influenza, I guess we'll be on the banned list too.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:56 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

(AFX UK Focus) 2005-11-01 08:33 GMT: New bird flu outbreak confirmed by Russian agriculture ministry (Interactive Investor)Yahoo! News - Search Results for agence france-presse

MOSCOW (AFX) - A fresh outbreak of the bird flu virus strain H5N1 that is potentially deadly for humans has been confirmed in a village in the Urals, a Russian agriculture ministry veterinarian told Agence France-Presse.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:54 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Generex Pandemic Influenza Vaccine Program to Be Presented at Novel Vaccine Concepts Conference in Washington, D.C.Market Wire

Tracker

TORONTO -- (MARKET WIRE) -- 11/02/05 -- Generex Biotechnology Corporation (NASDAQ: GNBT) announced today that Dr. Robert Humphreys, Chief Scientific Officer of Antigen Express, Inc., its wholly owned immunotherapeutics subsidiary, will make a presentation at a scientific symposium of a novel vaccination approach to protect against pandemic influenza.

Dr. Humphreys will present "Ii-Key/MHC class II Epitope Hybrid Peptide Vaccine For H5 Pandemic Flu" at the 3rd annual "Vaccines - All Things Considered" scientific symposium at the Sheraton Pentagon South conference center in Washington, D.C. Participants at this conference represent many academic groups and scientists from the Food and Drug Administration, the Center for Disease Control, and principal vaccine companies such as Baxter, Cel-Sci, Chiron, GlaxoSmithKline, Medimmune, Wyeth, and others.

The organizers of the conference said: "'Vaccines - All Things Considered' will explore new approaches and technologies to this imperative issue in society. This conference will cover many important aspects of vaccine discovery, development, acceptance and alternatives. Reports and successful stories of smallpox and polio, why concerns about an influenza outbreak remain fervent, and the progress of potential technologies, are just a few of the many topics to be discussed."

Dr. Humphreys explained that the primary means for controlling a potential pandemic of the influenza H5N1 virus is vaccination. Inactivated H5N1 viral and baculovirus-expressed H5 hemagglutinin (HA) protein vaccines have been evaluated in humans. The amount of vaccine needed to generate neutralizing antibody responses is reported to be 12-fold higher than the standard amount used in the seasonal flu vaccine, indicating that the H5 HA protein is poorly immunogenic in humans. The use of an adjuvant or other antigenic epitope-specific methods is needed to make best use of limited antigen supplies.

Antigen Express scientists have synthesized a series of hybrid vaccine peptides linking the immunoregulatory Ii-Key moiety to influenza H5 HA HLA class II epitopes in an effort to identify epitopes that potently stimulate T helper cells. These may be used to enhance immunogenicity of the current vaccines and as a stand-alone vaccine in people that do not have access to traditional vaccines. It is estimated that less than 5% of the US population and no one in the developing countries will have access to a traditional or cell-culture manufactured H5N1 influenza vaccine. For these people, H5 Ii-Key hybrid peptides will likely be the only vaccine available. This vaccine can also be readily produced for mass vaccinations in a short period of time.

In mouse studies, interferon-gamma responses to Ii-Key/hybrids are increased 8 to 10 times versus epitope-only peptide, when assayed by ELISPOT with immunopurified CD4+ cells. Antigen Express scientists chose influenza HA HLA class II epitopes predicted for presentation by a series of common HLA-DR alleles, toward making a selected set of 6-8 hybrid vaccine peptides cumulatively presented by HLA-DR alleles present in > 90% of humans. Upon infection, such activated T-helper cells will enhance the strength and duration of a virus neutralizing antibody response. Preliminary results indicate that H5 Ii-Key hybrid peptides enhance CD4+ T helper cell responses on their own and antibody responses following recombinant HA protein immunization (rHA).

The Antigen Express team is developing a vaccine for pandemic Asian bird flu (H5N1 strain) based on H5 MHC class II epitopes, which have been selected for likelihood of being both potent and presented by many HLA-DR alleles. Ii-Key/MHC class II epitope hybrid peptides contain an immunoregulatory segment of the Ii protein (the Ii-Key moiety), loosening the epitope-binding groove of MHC class II molecules and permitting insertion of a polymethylene-linked MHC class II epitope. Doing so increases the potency of epitope presentation up to 200 times in vitro, as measured in a T-cell hybridoma response assay. In addition, Ii-Key hybrids with MHC class II epitopes of principal cancer and infectious disease antigens increase the T-helper cell response 4-8 times in vaccinated mice, as measured using purified CD4+ T cell IFN-gamma ELISPOT assays. Presently, Antigen Express has an ongoing phase I clinical trial with Ii-Key/Her-2/neu hybrids in breast cancer patients. Data from these trials are relevant to establishing the safety and effect of this novel type of vaccine, for later use in validating an influenza vaccine.

Ongoing experiments lead by Drs. Douglas Powell and John Zinckgraf of Antigen Express with such Ii-Key/influenza H5 antigenic epitope hybrid peptides are aimed at determining: 1) Which Ii-Key/H5 MHC class II epitope hybrids best stimulate T helper cells in BALB/c and DR4 transgenic mice; 2) The optimal immunization scheme and hybrids to prime for rH5-elicited, neutralizing antibodies; 3) The lowest dose/least frequency of rH5 immunizations after optimal priming with a selected set of Ii-Key/H5 MHC II epitope hybrids that produce protective titers of neutralizing antibodies; and 4) The duration and potency of T cell memory induced by a heterologous Ii-Key hybrid/rHA immunization regimen. The focus of these studies is to identify a potent vaccine against pandemic H5N1 influenza for clinical testing.

Anna Gluskin, President & Chief Executive Officer of Generex, said, "I am pleased with the progress of the Antigen Express team to advance this novel vaccine technology toward the clinic. The initial experiments in mice are very promising. It is important to recognize that the vaccine peptides being studied in mice were designed to be the ones actually used in any final commercial product for humans. Being able to test these vaccine peptides in mice is very fortunate, especially in terms of rapidly developing the best prime-boost vaccination protocols."

About Generex

Generex is engaged in the research and development of drug delivery systems and technologies. Generex has developed a proprietary platform technology for the delivery of drugs into the human body through the oral cavity (with no deposit in the lungs). The Company's proprietary liquid formulations allow drugs typically administered by injection to be absorbed into the body by the lining of the inner mouth using the Company's proprietary RapidMist(TM) device. The Company's flagship product, oral insulin (Oral-lyn(TM)), which has been approved for commercial sale in Ecuador for the treatment of patients with Type-1 and Type-2 diabetes, is in various stages of clinical trials around the world. Antigen Express is a wholly owned subsidiary of Generex. The core platform technologies of Antigen Express comprise immunotherapeutics for the treatment of malignant, infectious, allergic, and autoimmune diseases.

For more information, visit the Generex Web site at www.generex.com.

Safe Harbor Statement: This release and oral statements made from time to time by Generex representatives concerning the same subject matter may contain "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements can be identified by introductory words such as "expects," "plans," "intends," "believes," "will," "estimates," "forecasts," "projects" or words of similar meaning, and by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Forward-looking statements frequently are used in discussing potential product applications, potential collaborations, product development activities, clinical studies, regulatory submissions and approvals, and similar operating matters. Many factors may cause actual results to differ from forward-looking statements, including inaccurate assumptions and a broad variety of risks and uncertainties, some of which are known and others of which are not. Known risks and uncertainties include those identified from time to time in the reports filed by Generex with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which should be considered together with any forward-looking statement. No forward-looking statement is a guarantee of future results or events, and one should avoid placing undue reliance on such statements. Generex claims the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements that is contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act.

Shayne Gilliatt
Generex Biotechnology Corporation
1-800-391-6755
+1-416-364-2551

Ed Lewis
CEOcast, Inc.
+1-212-732-4300
Email Contact
for Generex Biotechnology Corporation

Content copyright Marketwire LLC. All rights reserved. This content may not be redistributed or retransmitted.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:50 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

USDA requests additional funding to battle avian flu

measures to rapidly contain or exclude H5N1 AI virus from poultry farms or premises; * $9 million for trade compliance smuggling interventions enforcement; * $7 million for

Posted by dymaxion at 10:47 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bush anunció un programa millonario contra la gripe aviar

... tarde". Por ahora, el violento virus H5N1 de la gripe aviar se transmite por el contacto directo con ...

Libardo Buitrago / Blog Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 10:46 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

PANDEMIC UPDATE? Are you there in the American He...

... by the United States government are too little too late IF thie H5N1 strain of avian flu becomes ...

Editorials from Hell's leading daily newspaper, The Dis Brimstone-Daily Pitchfork Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 10:46 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

【新型】 インフルエンザに気をつけよう

... 【新型】 インフルエンザに気をつけよう 新型インフルエンザ出現の危機が強まっている。東南アジアで猛威を振るう鳥インフルエンザウイルスH5N1型が、 欧州でも相次いで確認されたのだ。インフルエンザは向寒の十一月からが流行期。今冬は特段の警戒が必要だ。 新型発生に備え、厚生労働省は総合対策を盛り込んだ初の全国行動計画策定方針を決定、策定に当たる 対策推進本部を省内に設置した。 行動計画案は...りやすい。 今季は新型に変異する恐れのある毒性の強い高病原性H5N1型の患者発生が アジア各地で相次ぎ、欧州各地にも飛び火した。国際的に戦々恐々としているのが実情だ。 新型が大流行すれば、最悪の場合、世界で ...

News Scrap from 2ch Technorati this

Posted by dymaxion at 10:45 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

November 01, 2005

Ask the White House -- avian flu

 
Ask the White House -- avian flu (info)
http://www.whitehouse.gov/ask/question.html
"Tuesday's guest at 4pm (ET) Dr. Julie Gerberding Director, CDC"

Posted by dymaxion at 11:01 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

With Threat of Avian Flu, Go or Stay Home?

 
With Threat of Avian Flu, Go or Stay Home? (info)
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/30/travel/30prac.html
Posted by Declan to AvianFlu travel on Tue Nov 01 2005 at 10:31 UTC

Posted by dymaxion at 10:59 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bird Flu is Real - And You're On Your Own, by Ernest Partridge - Democratic Underground

 
Bird Flu is Real - And You're On Your Own, by Ernest Partridge - Democratic Underground (info)
http://www.democraticunderground.com/crisis/05/035_ep.html
Posted by Declan to AvianFlu on Tue Nov 01 2005 at 11:16 UTC

Posted by dymaxion at 10:58 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

CIDRAP >> Disease experts warn against hoarding Tamiflu

 
CIDRAP >> Disease experts warn against hoarding Tamiflu (info)
http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/influenza/panflu/news/oct3105tamif lu.html
Posted by Declan to cidrap Tamiflu AvianFlu drugs on Tue Nov 01 2005 at 09:57 UTC

Posted by dymaxion at 10:57 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

H5N1: A Pale Rider Upon a Pale Horse, or Just a Little Under the ...

H5N1 is currently acquiring mammalian polymorphisms, which is why several of the ... H5N1 mutates a great deal. This is what has so long worried scientists; ... WHO has kept careful track of all the human cases of H5N1 to date, ...

Posted by dymaxion at 10:56 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

China pledges transparency over bird flu - Guardian Unlimited



Thanh Nien Daily
China pledges transparency over bird flu
Guardian Unlimited, UK - 58 minutes ago
... At least 62 people have died of the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu in south-east Asia since 2003, and concern is growing that H5N1 could mutate into a human ...
US, China cooperate as Bush announces bird flu policy Bangkok Post
Is Asia ready for bird flu? BBC News
Chinese official reports work to stem flu Seattle Post Intelligencer
Gulf Times - all 220 related

Posted by dymaxion at 10:51 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

City woman confirmed with H5N1 - Bangkok Post


City woman confirmed with H5N1
Bangkok Post, Thailand - 19 hours ago
A 50-year-old woman from Bangkok has been confirmed as the third case of infection by the deadly H5N1 bird flu virus this year, Deputy Public Health Minister ...
Doctors: Bird flu patient 'will survive' Bangkok Post
Suspected bird flu case turns out to be normal influenza Bangkok Post
all 3 related

Posted by dymaxion at 10:50 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Australia warns Asia on bird flu cover-ups

Lateline a TV program on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, offers the transcript of a news story from the Brisbane conference: Asian countries warned on bird flu cover-ups. Foreign minister Alexander Downer says his government won't tolerate concealment of avian flu outbreaks. And he offers the Chinese a left-handed compliment on their dedication to transparency and openness on this issue.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:47 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Bush to Propose $7.1 Billion Plan to Guard U.S. Against Avian Flu Outbreak

flu strain causing concern, known as H5N1 , erupted in Southeast Asia, where more than 140 million birds have died or been destroyed. So far, 121 people have been infected through

Posted by dymaxion at 10:47 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Neue Hiobsbotschaft für Fleischfresser

Die vor kurzem in Rheinland-Pfalz tot aufgefundenen Graugänse und Stockenten wurden negativ auf Vogelgrippe getestet. Doch die Freude darüber währte nur kurz, denn weitere Untersuchungen förderten Unglaubliches zu Tage. Die fleischverarbeitende Industrie steht vor dem Kollaps. Berlin reagiert.

In einer kurzfristig einberufenen Pressenkonferenz teilte Prof. Dr. Meise, Leiter des Veterinärmedizinischen Labors Neuwied mit, dass die Wildvögel an Bovine Spongiforme Enzephalopathie verendeten. Bovine Spongiforme Enzephalopathie ist hierzulande auch unter den Namen "BSE" und "Rinderwahnsinn" bekannt.

Wissenschaftler stehen vor einem Rätsel. "Es konnten eindeutig die für BSE spezifischen Prionen nachgewiesen werden. Wir haben keine Ahnung, wie diese sich von Rindern auf Vögel übertragen konnten. Es ist schlicht und ergreifend unglaublich!" so der um Fassung ringende Prof. Dr. Meise weiter.

Es gilt derzeit als nicht ausgeschlossen, dass im umgekehrten Fall auch Rinder und andere Säugetiere mit dem Vogelgrippe-Virus H5N1 infizieren werden könnten. Per Eilbeschluss verhängte die Bundesregierung daraufhin eine Stallpflicht für Rinder, Kühe und Schweine.

Neben den Landwirten, die aus Platzgründen teilweise dazu gezwungen sind, ihre Tiere für die Dauer der Stallpflicht in Wohnräumen unterzubringen, ist vor allem die fleischverarbeitenden Industrie Hauptleidtragende der neuen Hiobsbotschaft.

"Seit Bekanntwerden der Nachricht vor fünf Stunden haben genau zwei Leute die Metzgerei betreten. Der eine kaufte eine Cola-Dose und der andere sind Sie!" bringt eine Fleischereifachverkäuferin aus Schweinfurt die schwindende Nachfrage der Konsumenten nach Fleisch jeglicher Art ZYN!-NEWS gegenüber auf den Punkt.

Aus Verzweiflung bieten einige Metzgereien mittlerweile auch exotischere Fleischsorten an. Doch die Verunsicherung der Verbraucher ist schlichtweg zu groß, als dass sie in der aktuellen Situation Eichhörnchen-, Gecko- oder Pinguinfleisch als ernsthafte Alternativen betrachten.

Der designierte Landwirtschafts- und Verbraucherminister Horst Seehofer (CDU) reagiert umgehend und kündigte an, die Gen-Forschung künftig stärker zu forcieren sowie entsprechende Gesetze anzupassen.

"Stellen Sie sich vor, es ist Fußball-WM und keiner grillt. Nur mit genmanipuliertem Fleisch können wir die Misere in den Griff bekommen und nächstes Jahr unbedenkliches Grillgut anbieten!" äußerte sich eine Sprecherin des Ministeriums gegenüber ZYN!-NEWS.

Als falsch stellte sich derweil die Meldung heraus, dass erstmals auch ein mit dem H5N1-Virus infiziertes Salatblatt entdeckt worden sein soll. Mitarbeiter des zuständigen Labors gaben zu, statt dem Blatt selbst versehentlich am Salat haftende Rückstände von Vogelkot untersucht zu haben.

"Das war dreister und boshafter Versuch der fleischverarbeitenden Industrie, uns Vegetarier ebenfalls in den ganzen Schlamassel mit hineinzuziehen!" wird ein aufgebrachtes Mitglied des Vegetarier-Interessenverbands ToFucK ("Tafeln ohne Fleisch und chemischen Kram") zitiert.

http://www.krauleidis.com

(c) Raymund Krauleidis (eluhen) 2005

Posted by dymaxion at 10:44 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

H5 found in wild birds in Canada; experts think it's unlikely the Asian H5N1Good Hope, GA - Topix.net

Nearly three dozen wild waterfowl in Quebec and Manitoba have tested positive for H5 avian flu viruses, but federal officials were quick to stress Monday that it is not necessarily the dangerous H5N1 strain ...

Posted by dymaxion at 10:41 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Weekend newsAvian Flu - What we need to know

Here are some of the stories making headlines in the past two days:

  • A new H5N1 outbreak was confirmed in Thai chicken.
  • A second series of tests from birds on the Greek island of Chios returned negative.
  • In Romania, a swan and a goose that died in the Danube Delta tested positive for the H5 virus.
  • Tests on chicken at a Japanese farm near Tokyo showed the birds had antibodies for the H5 strain of flu. 82,000 chicken were going to be culled.
  • Turkey culled 750 chickens on Sunday in the village of Akbaslar (Bursa province) following the sudden death of other birds in the region. Test were pending, it was not confirmed this was bird flu.
  • The WHO is asking China for more information on the death of a 12 year old girl. The girl was initially thought to have bird flu, but Chinese authorities eventually declared she had died from pneumonia. The girl's brother is also sick, but in stable condition.

Posted by dymaxion at 10:37 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack

Malware authors unleash bird flu-themed TrojanCastleCops

Well that didn't take long did it?

Sick twist to social engineering
By John Leyden Published Thursday 27th October 2005 13:37 GMTC

Today brings further proof that no human disaster these days arises without been exploited by internet ne'er-do-wells. Hot on the heels of a spam campaign punting Tamiflu, the drug believed most effective at protecting humans from the potentially-lethal H5N1 strain of the bird flu virus, comes a piece of malware designed to tap into topical concerns about the disease.

The Naiva-A Trojan masquerades as a Word document containing information about the bird flu epidemic in order to dupe unwitting Windows users into opening the maliciously constructed file. Once executed, the malware uses two Word macros to run and install a second item of malicious code, Ranky-FY, onto infected PCs. Ranky-FY gives hackers the ability to control compromised PCs.

Full article...

Posted by dymaxion at 10:36 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack